When and how often should you brush your teeth?
Answers from Thomas J. Salinas, D.D.S.
The American Dental Association recommends brushing your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
When you brush your teeth, you help remove food and plaque — a sticky white film that forms on your teeth and contains bacteria. After you eat a meal or snack that contains sugar, the bacteria in plaque produce acids that attack tooth enamel. Repeated attacks can break down tooth enamel and lead to cavities. Plaque that isn't removed can also harden into tartar, making it harder to keep teeth clean.
In choosing when to brush your teeth, you might also consider your diet. If you've eaten an acidic food or drink, avoid brushing your teeth right away. These acids weaken tooth enamel, and brushing too soon can remove enamel. If you know you're going to eat or drink something acidic, brush your teeth beforehand.
In addition to brushing your teeth, the American Dental Association recommends that you:
- Floss daily
- Drink plenty of water, eat a healthy diet and limit between-meal snacks
- Replace your toothbrush every three to four months, or sooner if the bristles are irregular or frayed
- Schedule regular dental checkups
May 03, 2016
- Plaque. American Dental Association. http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/p/plaque. Accessed March 29, 2016.
- Brushing your teeth. American Dental Association. http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/b/brushing-your-teeth. Accessed March 29, 2016.
- Diet and dental health. American Dental Association. http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/d/diet-and-dental-health. Accessed March 29, 2016.
- Wiegand A, et al. Toothbrushing before or after an acidic challenge to minimize tooth wear? An in situ/ex vivo study. American Journal of Dentistry 2008;21:13.
- Cavities. American Dental Association. http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/c/cavities. Accessed March 29, 2016.