Mayo Clinic specialists have a variety of treatment options, depending on the source of your GI bleeding:
- Endoscopic thermal probe can stop bleeding from ulcers and other abnormalities by burning (coagulating) the blood vessel or abnormal tissue.
- Argon plasma coagulation and radiofrequency ablation are other types of thermal techniques used to treat abnormal blood vessels in the stomach, small intestine and colon.
- Endoscopic clips can be used to close a bleeding vessel or other defective tissue.
- Endoscopic band ligation uses special bands to treat bleeding hemorrhoids and bleeding blood vessels (varices) in the esophagus.
- Endoscopic cryotherapy freezes abnormal blood vessels in the stomach.
- Endoscopic intravariceal cyanoacrylate injection uses a special glue to treat difficult bleeding from varices in the stomach.
- Angiographic embolization injects particles directly into a blood vessel to stop bleeding.
If bleeding recurs after treatment, you may need surgery.