Mayo Clinic doctors use the latest technology and techniques to treat floor of the mouth cancer. Treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, reconstructive surgery or a combination of these approaches. A multidisciplinary team trained in ear, nose and throat (ENT), oral and maxillofacial surgery, radiation oncology, medical oncology, plastic and reconstructive surgery, and other specialties provides you with optimal treatment for floor of the mouth cancer.
- Surgery. The type of surgery used to treat floor of the mouth cancer depends on the size, type, location and depth of the tumor spread. If the tumor has spread beyond the floor of the mouth, nearby lymph nodes may need to be removed and examined in a laboratory.
- Radiation therapy. Radiation therapy uses high-energy X-rays, electron beams or radioactive isotopes to kill cancer cells. At Mayo Clinic, you have access to the most advanced therapy, including intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). Radiation oncologists tailor each treatment to protect nearby normal tissue.
- Chemotherapy. Chemotherapy uses drugs to destroy cancer cells. For floor of the mouth cancer, experienced medical oncologists may administer chemotherapy orally or into your veins.
- Reconstructive surgery. Depending on the size, location and spread of the cancer, some people may need reconstructive surgery to restore physical appearance and mouth function.
- Rehabilitation. Rehabilitation specialists in speech therapy, swallowing therapy, dietetics, physical therapy and occupational therapy help with rehabilitation that may be necessary after surgery or radiation therapy. The Nicotine Dependence Center at Mayo Clinic can help if you're trying to stop using tobacco.