Mayo Clinic offers rapid, coordinated diagnostic testing and assessments by a team of skilled doctors with specialized expertise in esthesioneuroblastoma, using the latest testing options.
Esthesioneuroblastoma diagnosis may involve:
- Physical examination. A careful history of your signs and symptoms and an examination of your eyes, nose and throat give doctors clues that aid in diagnosis.
- Using a tiny camera to see in your nose and throat. During an endoscopy examination, a thin, flexible tube (endoscope) is inserted in your mouth or your nose. The tube is equipped with a tiny camera that allows your doctor to look for signs of a tumor.
- Imaging tests. Imaging tests such as CT, MRI and positron emission tomography (PET) help doctors visualize the location of your esthesioneuroblastoma and determine whether it has spread.
- Removing a sample of tissue for testing. A biopsy is a procedure to remove a sample of the tumor tissue for testing. Biopsy for esthesioneuroblastoma is usually done during surgery to remove the tumor. After laboratory analysis, doctors can confirm whether the tumor is esthesioneuroblastoma.
Esthesioneuroblastoma diagnosis can be difficult, since it's a very rare type of cancer and it can appear very similar to other, more-common types of cancer that occur in the head and neck.