Elegibilidad

Se puede tomar en cuenta para el trasplante de médula ósea a personas que cumplan con determinados criterios. En Mayo Clinic, los médicos tomarán en cuenta a pacientes selectos mayores de 65 años de edad, dependiendo de su salud física general.

Las personas que necesiten un trasplante de médula ósea pueden padecer cualquier enfermedad, incluidas las siguientes:

El médico te puede explicar el riesgo de complicaciones de un trasplante de médula ósea. Juntos pueden sopesar los riesgos y los beneficios para decidir si un trasplante de médula ósea es seguro y beneficioso para ti.

Tu equipo de tratamiento también analizará si un trasplante de médula ósea o una terapia alternativa puede ser la opción de tratamiento más apropiada. Tu atención se puede personalizar a partir de tu necesidad específica.

Los miembros del equipo de atención evaluarán si eres un candidato para el trasplante de médula ósea. Pueden realizar lo siguiente:

  • Revisar tus antecedentes médicos
  • Realizar un examen físico
  • Pedir análisis de sangre
  • Realizar análisis de diagnóstico por imágenes, como rayos X
  • Pedir pruebas para controlar tu corazón, tus pulmones y otras funciones de los órganos
  • Extraer una pequeña muestra de médula ósea (biopsia) para evaluar tu enfermedad
  • Realizar pruebas para garantizar que no padezcas ninguna enfermedad grave
  • Pedir una evaluación psicológica

La evaluación puede llevar varios días o más tiempo.

Lee sobre trasplante de médula ósea. También mira un vídeo acerca de cómo funciona un trasplante de células madre.

July 28, 2017
References
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