A team of specialists work together to development a treatment plan for eosinophilic esophagitis tailored to your needs. Your treatment may involve:
- Dietary therapy. If inflammation is caused by a food allergy, modifying your diet may be all you need to effectively treat eosinophilic esophagitis. To test for allergies, your doctor may perform a skin test or prescribe an elimination diet. An elimination diet requires you to stop eating foods that are common allergens, such as dairy foods, eggs, wheat, soy, nuts and fish. Those foods are then gradually added back into your diet, with your doctor monitoring you for reactions.
- Medications. Steroid medications are effective for treating eosinophilic esophagitis. Usually, the type of steroid preparation used for this disease has little absorption into the blood, so there aren't many of the typical side effects often associated with steroids. Sometimes systemic steroids, such as prednisone, are used. Steroids may decrease the buildup of white blood cells in the esophagus, lessen the inflammation associated with an allergic reaction and allow your esophagus to heal.
- Experimental therapies. Depending on your situation, you may have access to experimental treatments as part of Mayo Clinic's research on long-term management of eosinophilic esophagitis. Researchers are studying asthma medications (leukotriene receptor antagonists), acid-blocking medications and other medications for their effectiveness in treating the disease.