3Alpha-hydroxy-3,5-dihydromonacolin L, alkaloids, angkak, anka, ankaflavin, arroz de levadura roja (Spanish), Asian traditional fermentation foodstuff, astaxanthin, beni-koju, ben-koji, Chinese red yeast rice, Cholestin®, citrinin, compactin, CRYR, dehydromonacolin K, dihydromonacolin L, DSM1379, DSM1603, ergosterol, flavonoids, GABA, gamma-aminobutyric acid, glycosides, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, hon-chi, hong qu, hongqu, hung-chu, hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, KCCM11832, koji, linoleic acid, lovastatin, M9011, mevinolin, monacolin, monacolin hyroxyacid, monacolin J, monacolin K, monacolin K (hydroxyl acid form), monacolin L, monacolin M, monacolin X, Monascaceae (yeast family), monascopyridine A, monascopyridine B, monascopyridine C, monascopyridine D, monascorubramine, monascorubrin, Monascus, Monascusanka, Monascus purpureus, Monascus purpureus fermentate, Monascus purpureus HM105, Monascus purpureus NTU568, Monascus purpureus Went rice, Monascusruber, monascorubramine, oleic acid, orange anka pigment, palmitoleic acid, Phaffia rhodozyma, phenols, protein, red fermented rice, red koji, red leaven, red mould rice, red rice, red rice yeast, red yeast, red yeast rice extract, rice, RICE products, rubropunctamine, rubropunctatin, RYR, RYRE, saponins, statins, stearic acid, tannins, Xue Zhi Kang, Xuezhikang, yellow anka pigment, Zhi tai, Zhitai.
Selected brand names: Cholestene® (red yeast rice), Cholestin® (containing red yeast rice; no longer available in the United States and Canada), Cholesto-Rite® (red yeast rice, gugulipid, Aspalathus linearis), Health Direct's Red Yeast Rice Vcaps (red yeast rice), Lipolysar, Only Naturals' Red Yeast Rice Plus, Source Naturals' Red Yeast Rice capsules.
Note: Monacolin K, a compound found in red yeast rice, has the same structure as the drugs lovastatin and mevinolin. This bottom line covers Monascuspurpureus, excluding details about related species.
This evidence-based monograph was prepared by The Natural Standard Research Collaboration