Description and Brand Names

Drug information provided by: Micromedex

US Brand Name

  1. Prometrium

Descriptions


Progesterone is used to help prevent changes in the uterus (womb) in women who are taking conjugated estrogens after menopause. It is also used to properly regulate the menstrual cycle and treat unusual stopping of menstrual periods (amenorrhea) in women who are still menstruating.

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.

This product is available in the following dosage forms:

  • Capsule, Liquid Filled
  • Capsule

Before Using

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Use of progesterone is not indicated in children. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Geriatric

Although appropriate studies on the relationship of age to the effects of progesterone have not been performed in the geriatric population, no geriatric-specific problems have been documented to date. However, elderly patients are more likely to have breast cancer, stroke, or dementia, which may require caution in patients receiving progesterone.

Pregnancy

Information about this progesterone-oral-route
Pregnancy Category Explanation
All Trimesters B Animal studies have revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus, however, there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus.

Breastfeeding

Studies in women suggest that this medication poses minimal risk to the infant when used during breastfeeding.

Drug Interactions

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Dabrafenib
  • Eslicarbazepine Acetate

Other Interactions

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Abnormal or unusual vaginal bleeding or
  • Allergy to peanuts or peanut oil or
  • Blood clots (e.g., deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism), active or history of or
  • Breast cancer, known, suspected, or a history of or
  • Heart attack, active or history of or
  • Liver disease or
  • Stroke, active or history of—Should not be used in patients with these conditions.
  • Asthma or
  • Diabetes or
  • Edema (fluid retention or body swelling) or
  • Endometriosis or
  • Epilepsy (seizures) or
  • Heart disease or
  • Hypercalcemia (high calcium in the blood) or
  • Hypercholesterolemia (high cholesterol in the blood) or
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure) or
  • Kidney disease or
  • Migraine headache or
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or
  • Thyroid problems—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.

Proper Use

It is very important that you use this medicine only as directed by your doctor. Do not use more of it, do not use it more often, and do not use it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. To do so may cause unwanted side effects.

This medicine comes with a patient information leaflet. Read and follow the instructions in the leaflet carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.

For women who use this medicine after menopause, it will be given together with an estrogen medicine. Carefully follow the schedule your doctor gives you for both medicines.

If you have trouble swallowing this medicine, take it with a glass of water while standing up. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if this does not help.

Dosing

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For oral dosage form (capsules):
    • For prevention of thickening of the lining of the uterus (endometrial hyperplasia):
      • Adults—200 milligrams (mg) per day, taken as a single dose at bedtime, for 12 continuous days per 28-day menstrual cycle.
      • Children—Use is not recommended.
    • For treatment of unusual stopping of menstrual period (amenorrhea):
      • Adults—400 milligrams (mg) per day, taken as a single dose at bedtime, for 10 days.
      • Children—Use is not recommended.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Storage

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Precautions

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure this medicine is working properly and does not cause unwanted effects. Pelvic exam, breast exam, and mammogram (breast x-ray) may be needed to check for unwanted effects, unless your doctor tells you otherwise.

Using this medicine while you are pregnant can harm your unborn baby. Use an effective form of birth control to keep from getting pregnant. If you think you have become pregnant while using the medicine, tell your doctor right away.

Stop using this medicine and check with your doctor right away if you have pain in the chest, groin, or legs, especially the calves; difficulty with breathing; a sudden, severe headache; slurred speech; a sudden, unexplained shortness of breath; a sudden loss of coordination; or vision changes while using this medicine.

There is a very slight chance that this medicine could increase the risk of breast cancer and endometrial (lining of the uterus) cancer in some women. Talk to your doctor about this risk. Make sure your doctor knows if anyone in your family has had breast cancer or endometrial cancer.

Using large doses of this medicine over a long period of time and using it with an estrogen medicine may increase your risk of heart attack, stroke, blood clots, or dementia. Talk with your doctor about these risks.

Your risk of heart disease or stroke from this medicine is higher if you smoke. Your risk is also increased if you have diabetes or high cholesterol, or if you are overweight. Talk with your doctor about ways to stop smoking. Keep your diabetes under control. Ask your doctor about diet and exercise to control your weight and blood cholesterol level.

Tell the medical doctor or dentist in charge that you are using this medicine before any kind of surgery (including dental surgery) or emergency treatment. Your doctor will decide whether you should continue using this medicine.

Stop using this medicine and check with your doctor immediately if sudden loss of vision or any other change in vision occurs while you are using this medicine. Your doctor may want you to have your eyes checked by an ophthalmologist (eye doctor).

This medicine may cause some people to become dizzy or drowsy. Make sure you know how you react to this medicine before you drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are not alert.

Before you have any medical tests, tell the medical doctor in charge that you are taking this medicine. The results of some tests may be affected by this medicine.

Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common

  1. Chest pain
  2. chills
  3. cold or flu-like symptoms
  4. cough or hoarseness
  5. fever
  6. problems with urination

Less common

  1. Clear or bloody discharge from the nipple
  2. dimpling of the breast skin
  3. inverted nipple
  4. lump in the breast or under the arm
  5. persistent crusting or scaling of the nipple
  6. redness or swelling of the breast
  7. sore on the skin of the breast that does not heal

Incidence not known

  1. Abdominal or stomach pain
  2. bloating
  3. blurred vision
  4. change in vaginal discharge
  5. clay-colored stools
  6. cleft lip or palate
  7. confusion
  8. constipation
  9. darkened urine
  10. diarrhea
  11. difficult or labored breathing
  12. difficulty with swallowing
  13. difficulty with walking
  14. dizziness
  15. dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
  16. fainting
  17. fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse
  18. headache
  19. hives
  20. indigestion
  21. irregular heartbeat
  22. irritation
  23. itching
  24. joint pain, stiffness, or swelling
  25. lightheadedness
  26. loss of appetite
  27. nausea
  28. nervousness
  29. noisy breathing
  30. numbness or tingling in the face, arms, or legs
  31. pain or feeling of pressure in the pelvis
  32. pains in the stomach, side, or abdomen, possibly radiating to the back
  33. pounding in the ears
  34. puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
  35. rash
  36. redness of the skin
  37. shortness of breath
  38. slow heartbeat
  39. spontaneous abortion
  40. stomach or pelvic discomfort, aching, or heaviness
  41. sweating
  42. swelling of the eyelids, face, lips, hands, or feet
  43. tightness in the chest
  44. trouble speaking, thinking, or walking
  45. unpleasant breath odor
  46. unusual tiredness or weakness
  47. vaginal bleeding
  48. vomiting
  49. vomiting of blood
  50. wheezing
  51. yellow eyes or skin

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common

  1. Breast pain or tenderness
  2. depression
  3. muscle or joint pain
  4. white or brownish vaginal discharge
  5. worry

Incidence not known

  1. Attack, assault, or force
  2. blurred or loss of vision
  3. change in walking and balance
  4. changes in behavior
  5. changes in patterns and rhythms of speech
  6. choking
  7. clumsiness or unsteadiness
  8. confusion about identity, place, and time
  9. continuing ringing or buzzing or other unexplained noise in the ears
  10. decreased awareness or responsiveness
  11. difficulty with moving
  12. disturbed color perception
  13. double vision
  14. drowsiness
  15. extreme dizziness or drowsiness
  16. feeling drunk
  17. feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
  18. feeling of unreality
  19. hair loss or thinning of the hair
  20. halos around lights
  21. hearing loss
  22. hives or welts
  23. longer or heavier menstrual periods
  24. loss of consciousness
  25. muscle cramps
  26. muscle stiffness
  27. night blindness
  28. normal menstrual bleeding occurring earlier, possibly lasting longer than expected
  29. overbright appearance of lights
  30. redness of the skin
  31. relaxed and calm
  32. sensation of spinning
  33. sense of detachment from self or body
  34. severe sleepiness
  35. sleepiness
  36. slurred speech
  37. swollen tongue
  38. thoughts of killing oneself
  39. tunnel vision
  40. weight changes

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.