Uses based on tradition or theory
Alcohol dependence, anemia (lack of red blood cells), anti-aging, antioxidant, anxiety, arthritis, Bell's palsy (face paralysis), blood thinner, bone marrow suppression (results in decreased blood cells), breast cancer, bursitis (joint inflammation), cancer prevention, cancer treatment side-effects, cataract prevention, chest pain, chronic diarrhea/hypokalemia (long-term diarrhea resulting in low potassium levels), circulatory/blood flow disorders, coronary artery (heart) disease, cosmetic uses, dementia (confusion), depression, diabetes mellitus (type 1) treatment, diabetic complications (high cholesterol), diarrhea, digestion improvement, dizziness, drug-induced hallucinations, swelling, encephalopathy (brain disease), erythema induratum (skin disorder), glossitis (inflamed tongue), growth, heart attack prevention, hearing loss, hepatic encephalopathy (confused thinking due to liver disorders), high blood pressure, HIV, hyperactivity (abnormally active), hyperkinesis (excessive movement), infectious diarrhea (choleric), insomnia, intermittent claudication (leg pain from clogged arteries), ischemia-reperfusion injury prevention (protection from injury caused by lack of blood flow), itching, leprosy (fatal infection), liver disease, liver cancer, lupus (cholesterol abnormalities), memory enhancement, Meniere's syndrome (inner ear disorder), menstrual pain, metabolic syndrome, migraine headache, motion sickness, multiple sclerosis (disease of the nervous system), nervous system disorders, nutrition, obesity (too much body fat), pain, painful menstruation, pancreatitis (inflamed pancreas), parasite infection, Parkinson's disease, peripheral vascular disease (blocked arteries in the legs), polymorphous light eruption (skin disorder due to sunlight), pregnancy, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), prostate cancer, psoriasis, psychosis, Raynaud's disease (reduced blood flow to extremities), ringing in the ears, schizophrenia (for identifying the disease), scleroderma (scar tissue build-up on skin), sedative, seizure disorder, sexual arousal (orgasm improvement), skin inflammation, sleep quality, smoking cessation, stroke, sun protection, swelling, tardive dyskinesia (involuntary movements), taste disturbances, thyroid disorders, tuberculosis, vasculitis (erythema diutinum), ulcers, vascular spasm (blood vessels), vertigo, wound healing.
The below uses are based on tradition or scientific theories. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.