Selected references

  1. Bettermann, K., Arnold, A. M., Williamson, J., Rapp, S., Sink, K., Toole, J. F., Carlson, M. C., Yasar, S., Dekosky, S., and Burke, G. L. Statins, risk of dementia, and cognitive function: secondary analysis of the ginkgo evaluation of memory study. J Stroke Cerebrovasc.Dis 2012;21(6):436-444.
  2. Bredie, S. J. and Jong, M. C. No significant effect of ginkgo biloba special extract EGb 761 in the treatment of primary Raynaud phenomenon: a randomized controlled trial. J Cardiovasc.Pharmacol 2012;59(3):215-221.
  3. Dardano, A., Ballardin, M., Caraccio, N., Boni, G., Traino, C., Mariani, G., Ferdeghini, M., Barale, R., and Monzani, F. The effect of Ginkgo biloba extract on genotoxic damage in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma receiving thyroid remnant ablation with iodine-131. Thyroid 2012;22(3):318-324.
  4. Han, S. S., Nam, E. C., Won, J. Y., Lee, K. U., Chun, W., Choi, H. K., and Levine, R. A. Clonazepam quiets tinnitus: a randomised crossover study with Ginkgo biloba. J Neurol.Neurosurg.Psychiatry 2012;83(8):821-827.
  5. Herrschaft, H., Nacu, A., Likhachev, S., Sholomov, I., Hoerr, R., and Schlaefke, S. Ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761(R) in dementia with neuropsychiatric features: a randomised, placebo-controlled trial to confirm the efficacy and safety of a daily dose of 240 mg. J Psychiatr.Res 2012;46(6):716-723.
  6. Ihl, R., Tribanek, M., and Bachinskaya, N. Efficacy and tolerability of a once daily formulation of Ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761(R) in Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia: results from a randomised controlled trial. Pharmacopsychiatry 2012;45(2):41-46.
  7. Jalili, J., Askeroglu, U., Alleyne, B., and Guyuron, B. Herbal products that may contribute to hypertension. Plast.Reconstr.Surg. 2013;131(1):168-173.
  8. Laws, K. R., Sweetnam, H., and Kondel, T. K. Is Ginkgo biloba a cognitive enhancer in healthy individuals? A meta-analysis. Hum.Psychopharmacol. 2012;27(6):527-533.
  9. Lee, J., Sohn, S. W., and Kee, C. Effect of Ginkgo biloba Extract on Visual Field Progression in Normal Tension Glaucoma. J Glaucoma. 5-16-2012;
  10. Lovera, J. F., Kim, E., Heriza, E., Fitzpatrick, M., Hunziker, J., Turner, A. P., Adams, J., Stover, T., Sangeorzan, A., Sloan, A., Howieson, D., Wild, K., Haselkorn, J., and Bourdette, D. Ginkgo biloba does not improve cognitive function in MS: a randomized placebo-controlled trial. Neurology 9-18-2012;79(12):1278-1284.
  11. Roland, P. D. and Nergard, C. S. [Ginkgo biloba--effect, adverse events and drug interaction]. Tidsskr.Nor Laegeforen. 4-30-2012;132(8):956-959.
  12. Vellas, B., Coley, N., Ousset, P. J., Berrut, G., Dartigues, J. F., Dubois, B., Grandjean, H., Pasquier, F., Piette, F., Robert, P., Touchon, J., Garnier, P., Mathiex-Fortunet, H., and Andrieu, S. Long-term use of standardised Ginkgo biloba extract for the prevention of Alzheimer's disease (GuidAge): a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Lancet Neurol. 2012;11(10):851-859.
  13. Yasar, S., Lin, F. M., Fried, L. P., Kawas, C. H., Sink, K. M., DeKosky, S. T., and Carlson, M. C. Diuretic use is associated with better learning and memory in older adults in the Ginkgo Evaluation of Memory Study. Alzheimers.Dement. 2012;8(3):188-195.
  14. Zadoyan, G., Rokitta, D., Klement, S., Dienel, A., Hoerr, R., Gramatte, T., and Fuhr, U. Effect of Ginkgo biloba special extract EGb 761(R) on human cytochrome P450 activity: a cocktail interaction study in healthy volunteers. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 2012;68(5):553-560.
  15. Zhang, S. J. and Xue, Z. Y. Effect of Western medicine therapy assisted by Ginkgo biloba tablet on vascular cognitive impairment of none dementia. Asian Pac.J Trop.Med 2012;5(8):661-664.

This evidence-based monograph was prepared by The Natural Standard Research Collaboration