Description and Brand Names

Drug information provided by: Micromedex

US Brand Name

  1. Lazanda

Descriptions


Fentanyl belongs to the group of medicines called narcotic analgesics, which are medicines used to relieve pain. Fentanyl nasal spray is used to treat breakthrough cancer pain. Breakthrough episodes of cancer pain are the flares of pain which “breaks through” the medication used to control the persistent pain. Nasal fentanyl is only used in patients who are already taking narcotic analgesics and who are tolerant to opioid medicines for cancer pain.

Fentanyl acts in the central nervous system (CNS) to relieve pain. Some of its side effects are also caused by actions in the CNS. When a narcotic is used for a long time, it may become habit-forming (causing mental or physical dependence). However, people who have continuing pain should not let the fear of dependence keep them from using narcotics to relieve their pain. Mental dependence (addiction) is not likely to occur when narcotics are used for this purpose. Physical dependence may lead to withdrawal side effects if treatment is stopped suddenly. However, severe withdrawal side effects can usually be prevented by reducing the dose gradually over a period of time before treatment is stopped completely. Your doctor will take this into consideration when deciding on the amount of nasal fentanyl you should receive.

This medicine is available only under a restricted distribution program called Lazanda® REMS Program.

This product is available in the following dosage forms:

  • Spray

Before Using

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of nasal fentanyl in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Geriatric

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of nasal fentanyl in the elderly. However, elderly patients may be more sensitive to the effects of narcotic analgesics than younger adults and are more likely to have age-related kidney disease, which may require caution and an adjustment in the dose for patients receiving nasal fentanyl.

Pregnancy

Information about this fentanyl-nasal-route
Pregnancy Category Explanation
All Trimesters C Animal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.

Breastfeeding

Studies in women suggest that this medication poses minimal risk to the infant when used during breastfeeding.

Drug Interactions

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.

  • Atazanavir
  • Boceprevir
  • Cobicistat
  • Lopinavir
  • Mifepristone
  • Naltrexone
  • Nelfinavir
  • Ritonavir
  • Saquinavir
  • Telaprevir
  • Tipranavir

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Abiraterone Acetate
  • Alefacept
  • Alfentanil
  • Almotriptan
  • Alprazolam
  • Amiodarone
  • Amitriptyline
  • Amlodipine
  • Amobarbital
  • Amoxapine
  • Amphetamine
  • Amprenavir
  • Anileridine
  • Aprepitant
  • Atorvastatin
  • Baclofen
  • Bicalutamide
  • Bromazepam
  • Brompheniramine
  • Buprenorphine
  • Buspirone
  • Butabarbital
  • Butalbital
  • Butorphanol
  • Carbamazepine
  • Carbinoxamine
  • Carisoprodol
  • Chloral Hydrate
  • Chlordiazepoxide
  • Chlorpheniramine
  • Chlorpromazine
  • Chlorzoxazone
  • Cilostazol
  • Cimetidine
  • Ciprofloxacin
  • Citalopram
  • Clarithromycin
  • Clobazam
  • Clonazepam
  • Clorazepate
  • Clorgyline
  • Cocaine
  • Codeine
  • Conivaptan
  • Crizotinib
  • Cyclobenzaprine
  • Cyclosporine
  • Dabrafenib
  • Darunavir
  • Delavirdine
  • Desipramine
  • Desogestrel
  • Desvenlafaxine
  • Dexmedetomidine
  • Dextroamphetamine
  • Dextromethorphan
  • Diacetylmorphine
  • Diazepam
  • Dienogest
  • Difenoxin
  • Dihydrocodeine
  • Diltiazem
  • Diphenhydramine
  • Diphenoxylate
  • Doxepin
  • Doxylamine
  • Drospirenone
  • Duloxetine
  • Eletriptan
  • Enzalutamide
  • Erythromycin
  • Escitalopram
  • Eslicarbazepine Acetate
  • Estazolam
  • Estradiol
  • Eszopiclone
  • Ethchlorvynol
  • Ethinyl Estradiol
  • Ethylmorphine
  • Ethynodiol
  • Etonogestrel
  • Fluconazole
  • Flumazenil
  • Flunitrazepam
  • Fluoxetine
  • Flurazepam
  • Fluvoxamine
  • Fosamprenavir
  • Fosaprepitant
  • Fosphenytoin
  • Fospropofol
  • Frovatriptan
  • Furazolidone
  • Ginkgo Biloba
  • Goldenseal
  • Halazepam
  • Hydrocodone
  • Hydromorphone
  • Hydroxytryptophan
  • Hydroxyzine
  • Imatinib
  • Imipramine
  • Indinavir
  • Iproniazid
  • Isocarboxazid
  • Isoniazid
  • Itraconazole
  • Ketazolam
  • Ketobemidone
  • Ketoconazole
  • Levomilnacipran
  • Levonorgestrel
  • Levorphanol
  • Linezolid
  • Lithium
  • Lomitapide
  • Lorazepam
  • Lorcaserin
  • Meclizine
  • Meperidine
  • Mephobarbital
  • Meprobamate
  • Mestranol
  • Metaxalone
  • Methadone
  • Methocarbamol
  • Methohexital
  • Methotrimeprazine
  • Methylene Blue
  • Miconazole
  • Midazolam
  • Milnacipran
  • Mirtazapine
  • Moclobemide
  • Morphine
  • Morphine Sulfate Liposome
  • Nalbuphine
  • Naratriptan
  • Nefazodone
  • Nialamide
  • Nicardipine
  • Nicomorphine
  • Nifedipine
  • Nilotinib
  • Nitrazepam
  • Norelgestromin
  • Norethindrone
  • Norgestimate
  • Norgestrel
  • Nortriptyline
  • Opium
  • Opium Alkaloids
  • Orphenadrine
  • Ospemifene
  • Oxazepam
  • Oxycodone
  • Oxymorphone
  • Papaveretum
  • Paregoric
  • Pargyline
  • Paroxetine
  • Pazopanib
  • Pentazocine
  • Pentobarbital
  • Phenelzine
  • Phenobarbital
  • Phenytoin
  • Piperaquine
  • Piritramide
  • Posaconazole
  • Prazepam
  • Primidone
  • Procarbazine
  • Promethazine
  • Propofol
  • Propoxyphene
  • Quazepam
  • Ramelteon
  • Ranitidine
  • Ranolazine
  • Rasagiline
  • Regorafenib
  • Remifentanil
  • Rifabutin
  • Rifampin
  • Rifapentine
  • Rizatriptan
  • Secobarbital
  • Selegiline
  • Sertraline
  • Sibutramine
  • Sodium Oxybate
  • St John's Wort
  • Sufentanil
  • Sumatriptan
  • Tapentadol
  • Telithromycin
  • Temazepam
  • Thiopental
  • Thioridazine
  • Ticagrelor
  • Tilidine
  • Tizanidine
  • Toloxatone
  • Topiramate
  • Tramadol
  • Tranylcypromine
  • Trazodone
  • Triazolam
  • Troleandomycin
  • Tryptophan
  • Valproic Acid
  • Venlafaxine
  • Verapamil
  • Voriconazole
  • Vortioxetine
  • Zaleplon
  • Zileuton
  • Zolmitriptan
  • Zolpidem
  • Zopiclone

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Azithromycin
  • Clotrimazole
  • Dirithromycin
  • Econazole
  • Josamycin
  • Mepartricin
  • Miokamycin
  • Nevirapine
  • Perampanel
  • Rokitamycin
  • Roxithromycin
  • Spiramycin

Other Interactions

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following is usually not recommended, but may be unavoidable in some cases. If used together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use this medicine, or give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco.

  • Ethanol

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Alcohol abuse, or history of or
  • Drug dependence, history of—Physical or mental dependence may be more likely to develop.
  • Bradyarrhythmia (slow heart rhythm) or
  • Hypotension (low blood pressure)—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
  • Brain tumor, history of or
  • Breathing problems (eg, asthma, wheezing) or
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or
  • Head injury, history of—May cause side effects to become worse.
  • Kidney disease or
  • Liver disease—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body.

Proper Use

Fentanyl nasal sprays are for use in opioid-tolerant patients only. If you are not sure whether or not you are opioid-tolerant, check with your doctor before using this medicine.

It is very important that you understand the requirements of the Lazanda® REMS program, and become familiar with the Lazanda® Medication Guide. Ask your doctor or pharmacist before starting treatment with this medicine.

This medicine is for use only in the nose. Do not get any of it in your eyes or on your skin. If it does get on these areas, rinse it off with water right away.

Fentanyl nasal spray works differently than other fentanyl products, even at the same dose (number of milligrams). Do not substitute or convert it to other products containing fentanyl.

To use the nasal spray:

  • Keep the spray in the child-resistant container until ready to use.
  • If you are using the nasal spray for the first time, you will need to prime the spray. To do this, you should release four sprays into the pouch. Now it is ready to use.
  • Before using this medicine, gently blow your nose to clear the nostrils.
  • Insert the tip of the Lazanda® bottle into the nose. Point towards the bridge of the nose and tilt the bottle slightly.
  • Press down firmly on the finger grips until you hear a "click" sound and the number in the dose counter window adds up. This confirms a spray has been taken.
  • Return the spray bottle to the child-resistant container after each use.

Dosing

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For nasal dosage form (spray):
    • For cancer pain:
      • Adults—At first, 100 micrograms (mcg) or 1 spray in one nostril during an episode of breakthrough cancer pain. Your doctor may increase your dose as needed and tolerated, up to a maximum of 800 mcg or 1 spray containing 400 mcg of fentanyl in each nostril. However, patients should not use more than 4 doses per 24 hours. Wait at least 2 hours before treating another episode of breakthrough cancer pain. If pain relief is not achieved within 30 minutes, a rescue medicine may be used as directed by your doctor. Patients should record their use over several episodes of breakthrough cancer pain and review their experience with their doctor to determine if a dosage adjustment is warranted.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

Storage

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Throw away any unused spray bottle and start using a new one after 5 days or more since it has been used or 14 days or more since it has been primed. Dispose any used, partially used, or unneeded spray bottles by emptying and spraying the remaining solution into the pouch. The sealed pouch and the empty bottle should be placed in a child-resistant container before discarding it in the trash can. Wash your hands with soap and water right away after handling the pouch. If additional assistance is required, call 1-866-435-6775.

Precautions

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits. This will allow your doctor to make sure that this medicine is working properly and to check you for any problems or unwanted effects that may be caused by this medicine.

Do not use Lazanda® if you need pain medicine for just a short time, such as during a headache or migraine attack, tooth pain, or when recovering from surgery or an injury.

After you have been using this medicine for awhile, "breakthrough" pain may occur more often than usual, and it may not be relieved by your regular dose of medicine. If this occurs, do not increase the amount of nasal fentanyl or other narcotic that you are using without first checking with your doctor.

Using too much nasal fentanyl, or taking too much of another narcotic while using nasal fentanyl, may cause an overdose. If this occurs, get emergency help right away. An overdose can cause severe breathing problems (breathing may even stop), unconsciousness, and death. Serious signs of an overdose include very slow breathing (fewer than 8 breaths a minute) and drowsiness that is so severe that you are not able to answer when spoken to or, if asleep, cannot be awakened. Other signs of an overdose may include cold, clammy skin; low blood pressure; pinpoint pupils of the eyes; and slow heartbeat. It may be best to have a family member or a friend check on you several times a day when you start using a narcotic regularly, and whenever your dose is increased, so that he or she can get help for you if you cannot do so yourself.

Lazanda® contains an amount of fentanyl which can be fatal to a child. Patients and their caregivers should keep this medicine out of the reach of children, and discard used and unused bottle sprays in its child-resistant container properly.

This medicine will add to the effects of alcohol and other CNS depressants (medicines that can make you drowsy or less alert). Some examples of CNS depressants are antihistamines or medicine for allergies or colds; sedatives, tranquilizers, or sleeping medicine; other prescription pain medicine or narcotics; medicine for seizures or barbiturates; muscle relaxants; or anesthetics, including some dental anesthetics. Check with your doctor before taking any of the other medicines listed above while you are using this medicine.

Fentanyl may cause some people to become drowsy, dizzy, or lightheaded, or to feel a false sense of well-being. Make sure you know how you react to this medicine before you drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are dizzy or not alert and clearheaded. These effects usually go away after a few days of treatment, when your body gets used to the medicine. However, check with your doctor if drowsiness that is severe enough to interfere with your activities continues for more than a few days.

This medicine may be habit-forming. If you feel that the medicine is not working as well, do not use more than your prescribed dose. Call your doctor for instructions.

Using narcotics for a long time may cause severe constipation. To prevent this, your doctor may tell you to take laxatives, drink a lot of fluids, or increase the amount of fiber in your diet. Be sure to follow the directions carefully, because continuing constipation can lead to more serious problems.

For pregnant women: Do not use this medicine during labor and delivery (including caesarean section).

Do not use this medicine if you have taken a monoamine oxidase (MAOI) inhibitor in the previous 2 weeks. Some examples of MAO inhibitors are isocarboxazid (Marplan®), phenelzine (Nardil®), selegiline (Eldepryl®), or tranylcypromine (Parnate®). If you use the 2 medicines close together it may cause serious side effects like confusion, agitation, restlessness, stomach or intestinal symptoms, a sudden high temperature, an extremely high blood pressure, or severe convulsions.

Do not eat grapefruit or drink grapefruit juice while you are using this medicine. Grapefruit and grapefruit juice may change the amount of this medicine that is absorbed in the body.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal (e.g., St. John's wort) or vitamin supplements.

Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common

  1. Fever

Less common

  1. Abdominal or stomach pain
  2. anxiety
  3. black, tarry stools
  4. bladder pain
  5. bloating or swelling of the face, arms, hands, lower legs, or feet
  6. bloody nose
  7. bloody or cloudy urine
  8. blurred vision
  9. body aches or pain
  10. chest pain
  11. chills
  12. clay-colored stools
  13. confusion
  14. cough
  15. cough producing mucus
  16. dark urine
  17. decreased urination
  18. decreased weight
  19. difficult or labored breathing
  20. difficult, burning, or painful urination
  21. difficulty with breathing
  22. dizziness or lightheadedness
  23. dry mouth
  24. ear congestion
  25. fainting
  26. frequent urge to urinate
  27. headache
  28. hives
  29. hoarseness
  30. increase in heart rate
  31. increased sweating
  32. irritation
  33. itching
  34. joint pain, stiffness, or swelling
  35. loss of appetite
  36. loss of voice
  37. lower back or side pain
  38. nausea
  39. nervousness
  40. pain, redness, or swelling in the arm or leg
  41. pale skin
  42. pounding in the ears
  43. rapid breathing
  44. rapid weight gain
  45. rash
  46. redness of the skin
  47. runny or stuffy nose
  48. shortness of breath
  49. slow or fast heartbeat
  50. sneezing
  51. sore throat
  52. sudden shortness of breath or troubled breathing
  53. sunken eyes
  54. swelling of the eyelids, face, lips, hands, or feet
  55. thirst
  56. tightness in the chest
  57. tingling of the hands or feet
  58. troubled breathing or swallowing
  59. troubled breathing with exertion
  60. ulcers, sores, or white spots in the mouth
  61. unpleasant breath odor
  62. unusual bleeding or bruising
  63. unusual tiredness or weakness
  64. unusual weight gain or loss
  65. vomiting of blood
  66. wheezing
  67. wrinkled skin
  68. yellow eyes or skin

Incidence not known

  1. Irregular, fast or slow, or shallow breathing
  2. pale or blue lips, fingernails, or skin

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common

  1. Difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)
  2. sleepiness or unusual drowsiness
  3. vomiting

Less common

  1. Acid or sour stomach
  2. back pain
  3. belching
  4. burning feeling in the chest or stomach
  5. change in taste
  6. confusion about identity, place, and time
  7. decreased appetite
  8. depression
  9. diarrhea
  10. difficulty with moving
  11. drooping upper eyelids
  12. dry eyes
  13. flushed, dry skin
  14. fruit-like breath odor
  15. heartburn
  16. hyperventilation
  17. increased hunger
  18. increased thirst
  19. increased urination
  20. indigestion
  21. irregular heartbeats
  22. irritability
  23. irritation or soreness of the mouth
  24. lack or loss of strength
  25. loss of taste
  26. muscle aches
  27. muscle pain or stiffness
  28. pain in the arms or legs
  29. pain in the rectum
  30. restlessness
  31. shaking
  32. sleeplessness
  33. stomach discomfort or upset
  34. stomach bloating
  35. sweating
  36. tenderness in the stomach area
  37. trouble with sleeping
  38. troubled breathing
  39. unable to sleep
  40. unexplained weight loss

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.