Selected references

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  2. Chen ZX and Hu GH. [Effect of modified shegan mahuang decoction on cytokines in children patients with cough and variant asthma]. Zhongguo Zhong.Xi.Yi.Jie.He.Za Zhi. 2010;30(2):208-210.
  3. Choi JH, Chung MJ, and Oh DH. Classification of Sasang constitutional body types using immunostimulatory activities of constitution-specific herbal extracts in human primary immune cells. J.Med.Food 2012;15(9):824-834.
  4. Cohen PA and Ernst E. Safety of herbal supplements: a guide for cardiologists. Cardiovasc.Ther. 2010;28(4):246-253.
  5. Flanagan CM, Kaesberg JL, Mitchell ES, et al. Coronary artery aneurysm and thrombosis following chronic ephedra use. Int.J.Cardiol. 2-18-2010;139(1):e11-e13.
  6. Hallas J, Bjerrum L, Stovring H, et al. Use of a prescribed ephedrine/caffeine combination and the risk of serious cardiovascular events: a registry-based case-crossover study. Am.J.Epidemiol. 10-15-2008;168(8):966-973.
  7. Hasani-Ranjbar S, Nayebi N, Larijani B, et al. A systematic review of the efficacy and safety of herbal medicines used in the treatment of obesity. World J.Gastroenterol. 7-7-2009;15(25):3073-3085.
  8. Jing H, Luo L, Li H, et al. Ephedrine controls heart rhythms by activating cardiac I(ks) currents. J.Cardiovasc.Pharmacol. 2010;55(2):145-152.
  9. Kim HJ, Park JM, Kim JA, et al. Effect of herbal Ephedra sinica and Evodia rutaecarpa on body composition and resting metabolic rate: a randomized, double-blind clinical trial in Korean premenopausal women. J.Acupunct.Meridian.Stud. 2008;1(2):128-138.
  10. Martinez-Quintana E, Rodriguez-Gonzalez F, and Cuba-Herrera J. [Myocardial necrosis and severe biventricular dysfunction in the context of chronic ephedrine abuse]. Adicciones. 2010;22(1):25-28.
  11. Palamar J. How ephedrine escaped regulation in the United States: a historical review of misuse and associated policy. Health Policy 2011;99(1):1-9.
  12. Retamero C, Rivera T, and Murphy K. "Ephedra-free" diet pill-induced psychosis. Psychosomatics 2011;52(6):579-582.
  13. Singh A, Rajeev AG, and Dohrmann ML. Cardiomyopathy associated with ephedra-containing nutritional supplements. Congest.Heart Fail. 2008;14(2):89-90.
  14. Thomas JE, Munir JA, McIntyre PZ, et al. STEMI in a 24-year-old man after use of a synephrine-containing dietary supplement: a case report and review of the literature. Tex.Heart Inst.J. 2009;36(6):586-590.
  15. Vigano M, Lampertico P, and Colombo M. Acute hepatitis following assumption of a herbal remedy. Eur.J.Gastroenterol.Hepatol. 2008;20(4):364-365.

This evidence-based monograph was prepared by The Natural Standard Research Collaboration