Selected references

  1. Buck, A. A., Sasaki, T. T., Hewitt, J. J., and Macrae, A. A. Coca chewing and health. An epidemiologic study among residents of a Peruvian village. Am J Epidemiol. 1968 Sep;88(2):159-177.
  2. Caris, L., Anthony, C. B., Ríos-Bedoya, C. F., and Anthony, J.C. Behavioral problems and the occurrence of tobacco, cannabis, and coca paste smoking in Chile: evidence based on multivariate response models for school survey data. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2009 Sep 1;104(1-2):50-55. Epub 2009 May 14.
  3. Das, G. Cocaine abuse in North America: a milestone in history. J Clin Pharmacol. 1993 Apr;33(4):296-310.
  4. Fairley, H. B. [Anesthesia in the Inca empire]. Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim. 2007 Nov;54(9):556-562.
  5. Favier, R., Caceres, E., Guillon, L., Sempore, B., Sauvain, M., Koubi, H., and Spielvogel, H. Coca chewing for exercise: hormonal and metabolic responses of nonhabitual chewers. J Appl Physiol. 1996 Nov;81(5):1901-1907.
  6. Favier, R., Caceres, E., Koubi, H., Sempore, B., Sauvain, M., and Spielvogel, H. Effects of coca chewing on hormonal and metabolic responses during prolonged submaximal exercise. J Appl Physiol. 1996 Feb;80(2):650-655.
  7. Galarza Guzmán, M., Peñaloza Imaña, R., Echalar Afcha, L., Aguilar Valerio, M., Spielvogel, H., and Sauvain, M. [Effects of coca chewing on the glucose tolerance test]. Medicina (B Aires). 1997;57(3):261-264.
  8. Grzybowski A. Cocaine and the eye: a historical overview. Ophthalmologica. 2008;222(5):296-301. Epub 2008 Jun 20.
  9. Hanna, J. M. The effects of coca chewing on exercise in the Quechua of Peru. Hum Biol. 1970 Feb;42(1):1-11.
  10. Hurtado-Gumucio, J. Coca leaf chewing as therapy for cocaine maintenance. Ann Med Interne (Paris). 2000 Oct;151 Suppl B:B44-B48.
  11. Lippi, G., Plebani, M., and Cervellin, G. Cocaine in acute myocardial infarction. Adv.Clin.Chem. 2010;51:53-70.
  12. Middleton, R. M., and Kirkpatrick, M. B. Clinical use of cocaine. A review of the risks and benefits. Drug Saf. 1993 Sep;9(3):212-217.
  13. Sharkey, J., Ritz, M. C., Schenden, J. A., Hanson, R. C., and Kuhar, M. J. Cocaine inhibits muscarinic cholinergic receptors in heart and brain. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1988 Sep;246(3):1048-1052.
  14. Spielvogel, H., Caceres, E., Koubi, H., Sempore, B., Sauvain, M., and Favier, R. Effects of coca chewing on metabolic and hormonal changes during graded incremental exercise to maximum. J Appl Physiol. 1996 Feb;80(2):643-649.
  15. Zimmerman, J. L. Cocaine intoxication. Crit Care Clin 2012;28(4):517-526.

This evidence-based monograph was prepared by The Natural Standard Research Collaboration