Bazuco (Spanish), Bolivian coca, Bolivianischer Kokastrauch (German), coca (English, French, Portuguese, Spanish), coca leaves, coca paste, cocaine, cocaine hydrochloride, cocaine plant, cocaine salt, Erythroxylaceae (Family), Erythroxylon (former Genus), Erythroxylum (Genus), Erythroxylum coca, Erythroxylum coca var. coca, Erythroxylum coca var. ipadu, Erythroxylum novogranatense var. novogranatense, Erythroxylum novogranatense var. truxillense, espadu (Portuguese), honger-en-dorstboom (Dutch), Huanuco coca, koka (Polish, Slovakian), koka pravá (Czechoslovakian), koka sort (Dutch), kokacserje (Hungarian), kokainovník pravý (Czechoslovakian), kokaplante (Danish), Kokastrauch (German), mamas coca (Quechua), mumus (Quechua), pitillo (Spanish).
Note: There are four types of plants from the coca plant family that are typically grown in South America, including E. coca var. coca, E. novogranatense var. novogranatense, E. coca var. ipadu, and E. novogranatense var. truxillense.
This monograph includes information on the coca plant and coca plant products, such as coca leaves, coca leaf tea, as well as cocaine. Coca leaves and cocaine are two different products. Cocaine is a compound present in the leaves of the coca plant and is an addictive stimulant that is potentially toxic, particularly in large quantities or with long-term use. Cocaine abuse has resulted in increased illness and death.
The growth, sale, and possession of cocaine are illegal in most countries. Unprocessed coca leaf, however, may be legal in some South American countries because the use of coca leaves has traditionally been considered to be a part of the culture. To prevent cocaine production, coca plant farming is often limited in these countries.
This monograph does not include information on prescription cocaine hydrochloride.
This evidence-based monograph was prepared by The Natural Standard Research Collaboration