Uses based on tradition or theory
Adaptogen, addiction (morphine), antidepressant, appetite suppressant, arthritis, asthma, bleeding, broken bones, bruises, cachexia (tissue wasting), colds, constipation, diarrhea, diaphoresis (sweating), digestion, fatigue, food additive, headaches, hemorrhoids, insecticide, joint pain, malaria, myalgia (muscle pain), nausea and vomiting, nosebleeds, pain, rashes, sexual dysfunction, stimulant, stomach problems, swelling (feet), thirst, tonic, toothache, ulcers, wounds.
The below uses are based on tradition or scientific theories. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.