Description and Brand Names

Drug information provided by: Micromedex

US Brand Name

  1. Sensipar

Descriptions


Cinacalcet is used to treat hyperparathyroidism in patients with chronic kidney disease who are on dialysis. Hyperparathyroidism is a condition that is caused when the parathyroid glands located in the neck make too much parathyroid hormone (PTH). This hormone helps to control the concentrations of calcium and phosphorus in your blood. Cinacalcet lowers the amount of PTH which lowers the calcium and phosphorus concentrations. Cinacalcet is also used to lower calcium in the blood of patients with parathyroid cancer.

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.

This product is available in the following dosage forms:

  • Tablet

Before Using

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of cinacalcet in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Geriatric

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of cinacalcet in the elderly.

Pregnancy

Information about this cinacalcet-oral-route
Pregnancy Category Explanation
All Trimesters C Animal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.

Breastfeeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Drug Interactions

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Clozapine
  • Doxorubicin
  • Doxorubicin Hydrochloride Liposome
  • Fluoxetine

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Desipramine
  • Itraconazole
  • Ketoconazole

Other Interactions

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Bone disease or
  • Heart disease or
  • Heart failure or
  • Heart rhythm problems (e.g., arrhythmia) or
  • Hypotension (low blood pressure) or
  • Seizures, history of—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
  • Liver disease—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body.

Proper Use

Take this medicine only as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered.

It is best to take this medicine with food or shortly after a meal.

Swallow the tablet whole. Do not crush, break, or chew it.

Dosing

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For oral dosage form (tablets):
    • For hypercalcemia associated with parathyroid cancer:
      • Adults—At first, 30 milligrams (mg) two times a day. Your doctor may adjust your dose every 2 to 4 weeks.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
    • For hyperparathyroidism with chronic kidney disease:
      • Adults—At first, 30 milligrams (mg) once a day. Your doctor may adjust your dose every 2 to 4 weeks.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Storage

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Precautions

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure that this medicine is working properly. Blood tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. Taking other medicines together with cinacalcet may require your doctor to change the dose of one of the medicines or cinacalcet.

This medicine may lower the calcium in your blood. If you have any of these symptoms, check with your doctor right away: abdominal or stomach cramps; confusion; convulsions; difficulty with breathing; irregular heartbeats; mood or mental changes; muscle cramps in the hands, arms, feet, legs, or face; numbness and tingling around the mouth, fingertips, or feet; shortness of breath; or tremors.

Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common

  1. Blurred vision
  2. chest pain
  3. dizziness
  4. headache
  5. nervousness
  6. pounding in the ears
  7. slow or fast heartbeat

Less common

  1. Convulsions
  2. cough or hoarseness
  3. fever or chills
  4. loss of bladder control
  5. lower back or side pain
  6. muscle spasm or jerking of all extremities
  7. painful or difficult urination
  8. sudden loss of consciousness

Incidence not known

  1. Abdominal or stomach cramps
  2. confusion
  3. decreased urine output
  4. difficulty with breathing
  5. difficulty with moving
  6. dilated neck veins
  7. dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
  8. extreme fatigue
  9. fainting
  10. irregular breathing
  11. irregular heartbeats
  12. joint pain
  13. large, hive-like swelling on the face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs
  14. low bone turnover
  15. mood or mental changes
  16. muscle aching or cramping
  17. muscle cramps in the hands, arms, feet, legs, or face
  18. muscle pains or stiffness
  19. numbness and tingling around the mouth, fingertips, or feet
  20. shortness of breath
  21. sweating
  22. swelling of the face, fingers, feet, or lower legs
  23. swollen joints
  24. tightness in the chest
  25. tremor
  26. troubled breathing
  27. unusual tiredness or weakness
  28. weight gain
  29. wheezing

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common

  1. Diarrhea
  2. lack or loss of strength
  3. loss of appetite
  4. nausea
  5. vomiting
  6. weight loss

Incidence not known

  1. Hives or welts
  2. itching
  3. rash
  4. redness of the skin

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.