The below doses are based on scientific research, publications, traditional use, or expert opinion. Many herbs and supplements have not been thoroughly tested, and safety and effectiveness may not be proven. Brands may be made differently, with variable ingredients, even within the same brand. The below doses may not apply to all products. You should read product labels, and discuss doses with a qualified healthcare provider before starting therapy.
Adults (18 years and older)
CocoaVia®, a cocoa drink and snack bar brand, has been commonly used in studies.
For use as an antioxidant, one serving of CocoaVia® drink has been taken by mouth.
For anxiety, 20-25 grams of dark or milk chocolate has been taken by mouth twice daily for two five-day intervals over two weeks.
For heart disease, 13.5-80 grams of chocolate have been taken as a single dose or 1-3 times daily for two days to more than 26 weeks. Forms of chocolate have included chocolate bars, cocoa beverages (e.g. CocoaVia®), dark chocolate, or cocoa powder.
For chronic fatigue syndrome, a 15 gram chocolate bar has been taken by mouth three times daily for eight weeks.
For cirrhosis, 200 milliliters of test meal (Ensure® Plus) mixed with 0.55 grams per kilogram of dark chocolate has been taken by mouth as a single dose.
For mental performance, 10-37 grams of chocolate has been taken by mouth as a single dose or once daily for up to 30 days. Forms of chocolate included chocolate bars, cocoa drinks, and cocoa powder (e.g. Cocoapro®).
For diabetes, 15 grams of chocolate has been taken by mouth three times daily for eight weeks.
For exercise recovery, 330 milliliters of cocoa drink has been taken by mouth immediately after exercise, two hours after exercise, and before bed.
For high blood sugar/glucose intolerance up to 100 grams of chocolate has been taken by mouth once or twice daily for five days to 18 weeks as a chocolate bar or a cocoa beverage.
For high cholesterol, 13-105 grams of chocolate has been taken by mouth once or twice daily for two weeks to more than 26 weeks. Forms of chocolate have included cocoa beverages (sometimes with cocoa fiber), cocoa powder, snack bars, dark or milk chocolate bars, and CocoaVia® Crunch bars.
For high blood pressure, 6-100 grams chocolate has been taken by mouth once or twice daily for seven days to more than 26 weeks. Forms of chocolate have included cocoa, dark chocolate, unspecified chocolate, or cocoa drink.
For mood, 0.5 ounce of dark chocolate has been taken by mouth twice daily over three days.
For Parkinson's disease, a single dose of 200 grams dark or white chocolate has been taken by mouth in 15 minutes.
For pregnancy support, 30 grams of chocolate has been taken by mouth daily from approximately the 13th week of gestation until delivery.
For skin conditions, cocoa powder dissolved in hot water has been taken by mouth daily for 12 weeks. 20 grams of chocolate droplets have been taken by mouth daily for 12 weeks for ultraviolet light protection.
For weight loss, one dark chocolate square and one 8 ounce cocoa drink have been taken by mouth twice daily for 18 weeks.
For use as an insect repellent, a preparation of cocoa oil has been used on the skin.
For wound healing, a cocoa butter preparation has been massaged into the burn scar for 30 minutes twice a week for five weeks.
Children (under 18 years old)
For constipation, 4-8 grams of cocoa husk have been taken twice daily for four weeks.
For dental plaque, 10 milliliters of mouthwash containing 0.1% cocoa bean husk extract was used to rinse the mouth for 30 seconds twice daily for two months.
This evidence-based monograph was prepared by The Natural Standard Research Collaboration