Description and Brand Names

Drug information provided by: Micromedex

US Brand Name

  1. Evoxac

Descriptions


Cevimeline is used to treat the symptoms of dry mouth often experienced by patients with Sjogren's syndrome. It works by causing certain mouth glands to produce more saliva.

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.

This product is available in the following dosage forms:

  • Capsule

Before Using

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Studies on this medicine have been done only in adult patients, and there is no specific information comparing use of cevimeline in children with use in other age groups.

Geriatric

Older adults—Many medicines have not been studied specifically in older people. Therefore, it may not be known whether they work exactly the same way they do in younger adults. Although there is no specific information comparing use of cevimeline in the elderly with use in other age groups, this medicine is not expected to cause different side effects or problems in older people than it does in younger adults.

Pregnancy

Information about this cevimeline-oral-route
Pregnancy Category Explanation
All Trimesters C Animal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.

Breastfeeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Drug Interactions

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. Tell your healthcare professional if you are taking any other prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicine.

Other Interactions

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Asthma, uncontrolled, or
  • Cholelithiasis (gallstones), or
  • Heart disease, or
  • Nephrolithiasis (kidney stones), or
  • Eye conditions in which contraction of the pupils is undesirable (e.g., acute iritis and narrow-angle glaucoma), or
  • Pulmonary disease other than asthma

Proper Use

Dosing

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For oral dosage form (capsules):
    • For the treatment of dry mouth in patients with Sjogren's syndrome:
      • Adults—30 milligrams three times a day
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Storage

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Precautions

If you will be taking this medicine for a long time, it is very important that your doctor check you at regular visits for signs of your receiving too much medicine.

If your symptoms do not improve within a few days or if they become worse, check with your doctor.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This especially includes nonprescription medicines, such as aspirin, and medicines for appetite control, asthma, colds, cough, hay fever, or sinus problems.

This medicine may cause some people to become drowsy, dizzy, or less alert than they are normally. This medicine may also cause a change in vision that could cause you to see less well at night. Make sure you know how you react to this medicine before you drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are unable to see well, or if you are dizzy or are not alert.

Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

Less common

  1. Difficulty breathing
  2. fast heartbeat
  3. itching

Rare

  1. Chest pain
  2. fainting or light-headedness when getting up from a lying or a sitting position
  3. swelling of gums or tongue

Symptoms of Overdose

  1. Blurring or loss of vision
  2. chest pain
  3. cold, clammy skin
  4. diarrhea, continuous and severe
  5. disturbed color vision
  6. dizziness, faintness, or light-headedness when getting up from a lying or sitting position
  7. difficult or labored breathing
  8. fast, pounding, slow, or irregular heartbeat
  9. fast, weak pulse
  10. headache
  11. mental confusion
  12. nausea
  13. pounding in ears
  14. shaking or trembling of hands or feet
  15. shortness of breath
  16. stomach cramps or pain
  17. sweating
  18. tearing of the eyes

Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur:

Less common

  1. Bloody or cloudy urine
  2. blurred vision
  3. chest pain
  4. cough
  5. cracks in skin
  6. difficult, burning , or painful urination
  7. dizziness
  8. dry or itching eyes
  9. earache
  10. feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
  11. itching of vagina, genital, or other skin area
  12. lower back pain
  13. redness or pain in eye
  14. ringing or buzzing in the ears
  15. scaling of skin
  16. shortness of breath
  17. skin rash
  18. soreness or redness of skin
  19. sores, ulcers, or white spots on tongue, lips, or inside of mouth
  20. stiffness of muscles
  21. swelling of hands, ankles, feet, or lower legs
  22. swelling on side of face and jaw, with or without pain
  23. tense muscles

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common

  1. Excessive sweating
  2. nausea
  3. runny or stuffy nose

Less common

  1. Abdominal pain
  2. belching
  3. bloating or swelling of face, hands, feet, or lower legs
  4. bloody nose
  5. bone or joint pain
  6. burning, dry, or itching feeling in eye
  7. change in vision
  8. chills
  9. constipation
  10. cough, mucus-producing
  11. decreased touch sensation
  12. depression
  13. diarrhea
  14. dry mouth
  15. eye pain
  16. feelings of warmth in face, neck, arms, and occasionally, chest
  17. fever
  18. heartburn
  19. hiccups
  20. injury
  21. itching
  22. leg cramps
  23. loss of appetite
  24. migraine headache
  25. mood or mental changes
  26. muscle aches, pain, or stiffness
  27. pain and swelling of eye, eyelid, or inner lining of eye
  28. pain on side of face and jaw
  29. pain, swelling, or redness of joints
  30. postoperative pain
  31. rapid weight gain
  32. shortness of breath
  33. skin disorder
  34. tightness in chest
  35. tooth disorders or pain
  36. trembling or shaking of hands or feet
  37. trouble in sleeping
  38. unusual bleeding or bruising
  39. unusual tiredness or weakness
  40. vomiting
  41. watering of mouth
  42. weight loss

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.