Description and Brand Names

Drug information provided by: Micromedex

US Brand Name

  1. Angiomax

Descriptions


Bivalirudin is used together with aspirin to decrease the clotting ability of the blood and to help prevent harmful clots from forming in the blood vessels. It is used in patients who are having certain heart and blood vessel procedures, such as coronary angioplasty.

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.

This product is available in the following dosage forms:

  • Powder for Solution

Before Using

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of bivalirudin in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Geriatric

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of bivalirudin in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have bleeding problems than younger adults, which may require caution in patients receiving bivalirudin.

Pregnancy

Information about this bivalirudin-intravenous-route
Pregnancy Category Explanation
All Trimesters B Animal studies have revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus, however, there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus.

Breastfeeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Drug Interactions

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are receiving this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Abciximab
  • Aceclofenac
  • Acemetacin
  • Acenocoumarol
  • Alipogene Tiparvovec
  • Alteplase, Recombinant
  • Amtolmetin Guacil
  • Anistreplase
  • Apixaban
  • Argatroban
  • Aspirin
  • Bromfenac
  • Bufexamac
  • Celecoxib
  • Chamomile
  • Choline Salicylate
  • Citalopram
  • Clonixin
  • Clopidogrel
  • Collagenase, Clostridium histolyticum
  • Dabigatran Etexilate
  • Dalteparin
  • Danaparoid
  • Desvenlafaxine
  • Dexibuprofen
  • Dexketoprofen
  • Diclofenac
  • Diflunisal
  • Dipyridamole
  • Dipyrone
  • Drotrecogin Alfa
  • Enoxaparin
  • Eptifibatide
  • Escitalopram
  • Etodolac
  • Etofenamate
  • Etoricoxib
  • Felbinac
  • Fenofibrate
  • Fenoprofen
  • Fepradinol
  • Feprazone
  • Floctafenine
  • Flufenamic Acid
  • Fluoxetine
  • Flurbiprofen
  • Fluvoxamine
  • Fondaparinux
  • Garlic
  • Ginkgo
  • Heparin
  • Ibuprofen
  • Ibuprofen Lysine
  • Indomethacin
  • Ketoprofen
  • Ketorolac
  • Lepirudin
  • Levomilnacipran
  • Lornoxicam
  • Loxoprofen
  • Lumiracoxib
  • Meclofenamate
  • Mefenamic Acid
  • Meloxicam
  • Milnacipran
  • Morniflumate
  • Nabumetone
  • Naproxen
  • Nepafenac
  • Niflumic Acid
  • Nimesulide
  • Oxaprozin
  • Oxyphenbutazone
  • Papaya
  • Parecoxib
  • Paroxetine
  • Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium
  • Phenindione
  • Phenprocoumon
  • Phenylbutazone
  • Piketoprofen
  • Piroxicam
  • Pranoprofen
  • Proglumetacin
  • Propyphenazone
  • Proquazone
  • Reteplase, Recombinant
  • Rivaroxaban
  • Rofecoxib
  • Salicylic Acid
  • Salsalate
  • Sertraline
  • Sodium Salicylate
  • St John's Wort
  • Streptokinase
  • Sulindac
  • Tan-Shen
  • Tenecteplase
  • Tenoxicam
  • Tiaprofenic Acid
  • Ticlopidine
  • Tinzaparin
  • Tirofiban
  • Tolfenamic Acid
  • Tolmetin
  • Urokinase
  • Valdecoxib
  • Venlafaxine
  • Vorapaxar
  • Vortioxetine
  • Warfarin

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Avocado
  • Chondroitin
  • Coenzyme Q10
  • Curcumin
  • Dong Quai
  • Ginger
  • Vitamin A

Other Interactions

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Bleeding problems, active—Should not be used in patients with this condition.
  • Brachytherapy (a radiation treatment)—Use with caution. Your chance of having blot clots may be increased.
  • Kidney disease—Use with caution. May require an adjustment of dosage for patients with this condition.

Proper Use

A nurse or other trained health professional will give you this medicine. This medicine is given through a needle placed into one of your veins.

Precautions

It is very important that your doctor check you at regular visits after you leave the hospital for any problems or unwanted effects that may be caused by this medicine. Be sure to keep all appointments.

Bivalirudin may increase your chance of bleeding. Check with your doctor right away if you notice any unusual bleeding or bruising; black, tarry stools; blood in the urine or stools; or pinpoint red spots on your skin. Avoid picking your nose. If you need to blow your nose, blow it gently.

Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common

  1. Abdominal pain or swelling
  2. arm, back, or jaw pain
  3. black, tarry stools
  4. blood in the eyes
  5. blood in the urine
  6. blurred vision
  7. bruising or purple areas on the skin
  8. chest pain or discomfort
  9. chest tightness or heaviness
  10. confusion
  11. coughing up blood
  12. decreased alertness
  13. dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up from a lying or sitting position suddenly
  14. headache
  15. joint pain or swelling
  16. nausea
  17. nervousness
  18. nosebleeds
  19. pounding in the ears
  20. shortness of breath
  21. slow, fast, or irregular heartbeat
  22. sweating
  23. unusual tiredness or weakness

Less common

  1. Decrease in frequency of urination
  2. decrease in urine volume
  3. difficulty in passing urine (dribbling)
  4. lightheadedness or fainting
  5. painful urination

Rare

  1. Blue lips and fingernails
  2. changes in skin color
  3. cold hands and feet
  4. cough or hoarseness
  5. coughing that sometimes produces a pink frothy sputum
  6. difficult, fast, noisy breathing, sometimes with wheezing
  7. fever or chills
  8. increased blood pressure
  9. increased thirst
  10. loss of appetite
  11. lower back or side pain
  12. pain, redness, or swelling in the arm or leg
  13. pale skin
  14. paralysis of the face
  15. rapid, shallow breathing
  16. severe numbness, especially on one side of the face or body
  17. swelling in the legs and ankles
  18. swelling of the face, fingers, or lower legs
  19. troubled breathing
  20. vomiting
  21. weight gain

Incidence not known

  1. Bleeding gums
  2. difficulty in swallowing
  3. hives
  4. increased menstrual flow or vaginal bleeding
  5. irritation
  6. itching
  7. joint stiffness
  8. pains in the chest, groin, or legs, especially calves of legs
  9. paralysis
  10. prolonged bleeding from cuts
  11. rash
  12. red or dark brown urine
  13. redness of the skin
  14. severe headaches of sudden onset
  15. sudden loss of coordination
  16. sudden onset of shortness of breath for no apparent reason
  17. sudden onset of slurred speech
  18. sudden vision changes
  19. swelling of the eyelids, lips, hands, or feet
  20. wheezing

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common

  1. Fear or nervousness
  2. pain where the needle is placed
  3. pelvic pain
  4. sleeplessness
  5. trouble sleeping
  6. unable to sleep

Less common

  1. Acid or sour stomach
  2. belching
  3. heartburn
  4. indigestion
  5. stomach discomfort, upset, or pain

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.