Diagnosing yellow fever based on signs and symptoms can be difficult because early in its course, the infection can be easily confused with malaria, typhoid, dengue fever and other viral hemorrhagic fevers.

To diagnose your condition, your doctor will likely:

  • Ask questions about your medical and travel history
  • Collect a blood sample for testing

If you have yellow fever, your blood may reveal the virus itself. If not, blood tests also can detect antibodies and other substances specific to the virus.

Aug. 01, 2017
  1. Papadakis MA, et al., eds. Common problems in infectious diseases & antimicrobial therapy. In: Current Medical Diagnosis & Treatment 2017. 56th ed. New York, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill Education; 2017. http://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com. Accessed March 28, 2017.
  2. Monath TP. Yellow fever. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 28, 2017.
  3. Yellow fever: Frequently asked questions. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/yellowfever/qa/index.html. Accessed March 28, 2017.
  4. Protection against mosquitoes, ticks, & other insects & arthropods. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2014/chapter-2-the-pre-travel-consultation/protection-against-mosquitoes-ticks-and-other-insects-and-arthropods. Accessed March 28, 2017.