Tests and diagnosis

By Mayo Clinic Staff

Before diagnosing vulvodynia, your doctor will ask you several questions to get a better idea of your medical history and to understand the location, nature and extent of your symptoms.

As part of his or her evaluation, your doctor may also perform these tests:

  • Pelvic exam. During this exam, your doctor visually examines your external genitals and vagina for signs of infection or some other cause of your symptoms. Even if there's no visual evidence of infection, your doctor may take a sample of cells from your vagina to test for a vaginal infection, such as a yeast infection or bacterial vaginosis.
  • Cotton swab test. During this test, your doctor uses a moistened cotton swab to gently check for specific, localized areas of pain in your vulvar region.
July 17, 2014