Overview

Vitamin deficiency anemia is a lack of healthy red blood cells caused when you have lower than normal amounts of certain vitamins. Vitamins linked to vitamin deficiency anemia include folate, vitamin B-12 and vitamin C.

Vitamin deficiency anemia can occur if you don't eat enough folate, vitamin B-12 or vitamin C. Or vitamin deficiency anemia can occur if your body has trouble absorbing or processing these vitamins.

Not all anemias are caused by a vitamin deficiency. Other causes include iron deficiency and certain blood diseases. That's why it's important to have your doctor diagnose and treat your anemia. Vitamin deficiency anemia can usually be corrected with vitamin supplements and changes to your diet.

Nov. 09, 2016
References
  1. Kaushansky K, et al. Folate, cobalamin, and megaloblastic anemias. In: Williams Hematology. 9th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2016. http://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?sectionid=101237678&bookid=1581&Resultclick=2#1121092138. Accessed Oct. 10, 2016.
  2. Schrier SL, et al. Etiology and clinical manifestations of vitamin B12 and folate deficiency. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 10, 2016.
  3. 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and U.S. Department of Agriculture. https://health.gov/dietaryguidelines/2015/guidelines/.  Accessed Oct. 10, 2016.
  4. Goldman L, et al., eds. Approach to the anemias. In: Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Sept. 18, 2016.
  5. Pazirandeh S, et al. Overview of water-soluble vitamins. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 10, 2016.
  6. Vitamin C: Fact sheet for health professionals. National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminC-HealthProfessional/.  Accessed Oct. 10, 2016.
  7. Schrier SL. Diagnosis and treatment of vitamin B12 and folate deficiency. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 10, 2016.
  8. Walker BR, et al. Environmental and nutritional factors in disease. In: Davidson's Principles and Practice of Medicine. 22nd ed. London, England: Churchill Livingston Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com.
  9. Folate: Fact sheet for health professionals. National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Folate-HealthProfessional/.  Accessed Oct. 10, 2016.
  10. Alcohol and public health: Frequently asked questions. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/faqs.htm. Accessed Oct. 10, 2016.
  11. Mesa RA (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Oct. 17, 2016.