While no specific treatment exists for most viral hemorrhagic fevers, the antiviral drug ribavirin (Rebetol, Virazole, others) may help shorten the course of some infections and prevent complications in some cases.
Supportive care is essential. To prevent dehydration, you may need fluids to help maintain your balance of electrolytes — minerals that are critical to nerve and muscle function.
Surgical and other procedures
Some people may benefit from kidney dialysis, an artificial way of removing wastes from your blood when your kidneys fail.
Feb. 24, 2016
- AskMayoExpert. Viral hemorrhagic fevers. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2015.
- Viral hemorrhagic fevers. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/spb/mnpages/dispages/vhf.htm. Accessed Dec. 18, 2015.
- Knust B. Viral hemorrhagic fevers. 2016 Yellow Book. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2016/infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/viral-hemorrhagic-fevers. Accessed Dec. 18, 2015.
- Grey MR, et al. Viral hemorrhagic fevers. In: The Bioterrorism Sourcebook. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2006. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Accessed Dec. 18, 2015.
- Clean up rodent food sources and nesting sites. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/rodents/prevent_infestations/clean_up.html. Accessed Dec. 18, 2015.