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Aug. 09, 2017
References
  1. What are holes in the heart? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/holes. Accessed May 15, 2017.
  2. Ventricular septal defect (VSD). American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/CongenitalHeartDefects/AboutCongenitalHeartDefects/Ventricular-Septal-Defect-VSD_UCM_307041_Article.jsp#.WRzomtjrvIU. Accessed May 15, 2017.
  3. Fulton DR, et al. Pathophysiology and clinical features of isolated ventricular septal defects in infants and children. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 15, 2017.
  4. Bonow RO, et al., eds. Congenital heart disease. In: Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2015. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed May 15, 2017.
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  6. AskMayoExpert. Ventricular septal defect. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2017.
  7. Fulton DR, et al. Management of isolated ventricular septal defects in infants and children. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 10, 2017.
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  9. Infective endocarditis. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/CongenitalHeartDefects/TheImpactofCongenitalHeartDefects/Infective-Endocarditis_UCM_307108_Article.jsp#.WR3E59jrvIU. Accessed May 18, 2017.
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  11. Congenital heart defects and CCHD. March of Dimes. http://www.marchofdimes.org/baby/congenital-heart-defects.aspx. Accessed May 18, 2017.
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  13. Atrial fibrillation medications. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Arrhythmia/AboutArrhythmia/Atrial-Fibrillation-Medications_UCM_423781_Article.jsp#.WR76E9jrvcs. Accessed May 18, 2017.
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