In-depth

Symptoms

Painful urination (dysuria)

Tests and diagnosis

Colposcopy

CT scan

Cystoscopy

MRI

Needle biopsy

Pap smear

Positron emission tomography scan

X-ray

Treatments and drugs

Brachytherapy

Chemotherapy

Fertility preservation

Wonder how cancer treatment could affect your fertility? Understand what you can do to preserve your fertility before starting treatment.

Palliative care

Radiation therapy

Aug. 24, 2017
References
  1. Niederhuber JE, et al. Cancers of the cervix, vulva, and vagina. In: Abeloff's Clinical Oncology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Dec. 22, 2015.
  2. Vaginal cancer treatment (PDQ). National Cancer Institute. http://www.cancer.gov/types/vaginal/patient/vaginal-treatment-pdq. Accessed Feb. 21, 2016.
  3. Lentz GM, et al. Malignant diseases of the vagina. In: Comprehensive Gynecology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2012. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Dec. 22, 2015.
  4. Hoffman BL, et al. Vaginal cancer. In: Williams Gynecology. 2nd ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://accessmedicine.com/. Accessed Feb. 21, 2016.
  5. Pelvic exenteration. American Cancer Society. http://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatmentsandsideeffects/physicalsideeffects/sexualsideeffectsinwomen/sexualityforthewoman/sexuality-for-women-with-cancer-tot-pelvic-exenterat. Accessed Feb. 21, 2016.
  6. Taking time: Support for people with cancer. National Cancer Institute. http://www.cancer.gov/publications/patient-education/taking-time. Accessed Feb. 21, 2016.
  7. Karam A, et al. Vaginal cancer. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Feb. 21, 2016.