Treatment

Treatment depends on the severity of uterine prolapse. Your doctor might recommend:

  • Self-care measures. If your uterine prolapse causes few or no symptoms, simple self-care measures may provide relief or help prevent worsening prolapse. Self-care measures include performing Kegel exercises to strengthen your pelvic muscles, losing weight and treating constipation.
  • Pessary. A vaginal pessary is a plastic or rubber ring inserted into your vagina to support the bulging tissues. A pessary must be removed regularly for cleaning.

Surgery

If uterine prolapse is severe, your doctor might recommend surgery. Minimally invasive (laparoscopic) or vaginal surgery might be an option.

Surgery can involve:

  • Repair of weakened pelvic floor tissues. This surgery is generally approached through the vagina but sometimes through the abdomen. The surgeon might graft your own tissue, donor tissue or a synthetic material onto weakened pelvic floor structures to support your pelvic organs.
  • Removal of your uterus (hysterectomy). Hysterectomy might be recommended if uterine prolapse is severe.
Aug. 02, 2017
References
  1. Lobo RA, et al. Anatomic defects of the abdominal wall and pelvic floor: Abdominal hernias, inguinal hernias, and pelvic organ prolapse: Diagnosis and management. In: Comprehensive Gynecology. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2017. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed April 12, 2017.
  2. Ferri FF. Pelvic organ prolapse (uterine prolapse). In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2017. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2017. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed April 14, 2017.
  3. Rogers RG, et al. Pelvic organ prolapse in women: Epidemiology, risk factors, clinical manifestations, and management. https://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 18, 2017.
  4. Handa VL. Urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse associated with pregnancy and childbirth. https://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 18, 2017.
  5. AskMayoExpert. Pelvic organ prolapse (adult). Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2016.
  6. Fashokun TB, et al. Pelvic organ prolapse in women: Diagnostic evaluation. https://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 10, 2017.
  7. Ridgeway BM. Does prolapse equal hysterectomy? The role of uterine conservation in women with uterovaginal prolapse. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2015;213:802.
  8. Lobo RA, et al. Lower urinary tract function and disorders: Physiology and micturition, voiding dysfunction, urinary incontinence, urinary tract infections, and painful bladder syndrome. In: Comprehensive Gynecology. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2017. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed April 13, 2017.
  9. Hokenstad ED, et al. Health-related quality of life and outcomes after surgical treatment of complications from vaginally placed mesh. Female Pelvic Medicine & Reproductive Surgery. 2015;21:176.
  10. Warner KJ. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. April 5, 2017.