In addition to taking a thorough medical history and performing a physical exam, your doctor may recommend certain diagnostic tests, including:
March 14, 2015
- Urinalysis. Your doctor uses urine tests to look for red blood cells, high levels of protein, and excreted minerals in the urine that may indicate kidney or urinary tract problems. A sample of your urine is also likely to be checked for bacteria that cause infection.
- Blood tests. Certain blood tests measure the level of creatinine and blood urea nitrogen — waste products that build up in your bloodstream when your kidneys are damaged and not filtering properly. Your doctor may also check a sample of your blood for elevated levels of liver enzymes, and for conditions such as diabetes.
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- Castle EP (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Phoenix/Scottsdale, Ariz. Feb. 20, 2015.
- Kidney stones in adults. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse. http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/KUDiseases/pubs/stonesadults/index.aspx. Accessed Feb. 19, 2015.
- Rohren CH (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Feb. 20, 2015.