You're likely to start by seeing your family doctor or primary care provider. In some cases, you might be referred immediately to a doctor who specializes in urinary tract disorders (urologist).
Here's some information to help you prepare for your appointment, and what to expect from your doctor.
What you can do
- Be aware of any pre-appointment restrictions. At the time you make the appointment, be sure to ask if there's anything you need to do in advance to prepare for common diagnostic tests.
- Write down any symptoms you're experiencing, including any that may seem unrelated to the reason for which you scheduled the appointment.
- Make a list of your key medical information, including any other conditions for which you're being treated, and the names of any medications, vitamins or supplements you're taking.
- Consider questions to ask your doctor and write them down. Bring along notepaper and a pen to jot down information as your doctor addresses your questions.
What to expect from your doctor
Your doctor or health care provider is likely to ask you a number of questions, such as:
March 14, 2015
- What color is your urine?
- Do you see blood or blood clots in your urine?
- When did you first notice the unusual urine color?
- Does it happen all the time or only sometimes?
- Do you also notice an unusual odor to your urine?
- Are you urinating more or less frequently than usual?
- Do you have pain while urinating?
- What other symptoms are you experiencing?
- Has your appetite changed?
- Do you seem to be more or less thirsty than usual?
- Have you had any previous urinary problems?
- Do you have any allergies?
- What medications are you taking?
- Wein AJ, et al. Evaluation of the urologic patient. In: Campbell-Walsh Urology. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2012. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Feb. 9, 2015.
- Buttaravoli P, et al. Colorful urine. In: Minor Emergencies. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2012. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Feb. 9, 2015.
- Wald R. Urinalysis in the diagnosis of kidney disease. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Feb. 9, 2015.
- McPherson RA, et al. Basic examination of urine. In: Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 22nd ed. Philadelphia. Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Feb. 9, 2015.
- Viswanathan S. Urine bag as a modern day matula. ISRN Nephrology. 2013:215690.
- Hooton TM, et al. Acute uncomplicated cystitis and pyelonephritis in women. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Feb. 12, 2015.
- Feldman AS, et al. Etiology and evaluation of hematuria in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Feb. 12, 2015.
- Ferri FF. Brown urine. In: Ferri's Differential Diagnosis: A Practical Guide to the Differential Diagnosis of Symptoms, Signs and Clinical Disorders. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2011:82.
- Castle EP (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Phoenix/Scottsdale, Ariz. Feb. 20, 2015.
- Kidney stones in adults. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse. http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/KUDiseases/pubs/stonesadults/index.aspx. Accessed Feb. 19, 2015.
- Rohren CH (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Feb. 20, 2015.