In-depth

Causes

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

Diabetic neuropathy

Symptoms

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Vaginal atrophy

Aug. 25, 2017
References
  1. Wein AJ, et al., eds. Infections of the urinary tract. In: Campbell-Walsh Urology. 11th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2016. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed June 30, 2017.
  2. Ferri FF. Urinary tract infection. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2017. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2017. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed June 30, 2017.
  3. Bladder infection (urinary tract infection—UTI) in adults. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/urologic-diseases/bladder-infection-uti-in-adults. Accessed June 30, 2017.
  4. Urinary tract infections (UTIs). The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. https://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Urinary-Tract-Infections-UTIs. Accessed June 30, 2017.
  5. Urinary tract infections. National Institutes of Health. https://nihseniorhealth.gov/urinarytractinfections/whatareurinarytractinfections/01.html. Accessed June 30, 2017.
  6. Hooton TM, et al. Acute uncomplicated cystitis and pyelonephritis in women. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed June 30, 2017.
  7. Hooton TM, et al. Recurrent urinary tract infection in women. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed June 30, 2017.
  8. Cranberry. National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. https://nccih.nih.gov/health/cranberry. Accessed June 30, 2017.
  9. Takhar SS, et al. Diagnosis and management of urinary tract infection in the emergency department and outpatient settings. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America. 2014;28:33.
  10. Overactive bladder (OAB): Lifestyle changes. Urology Care Foundation. https://urologyhealth.org/urologic-conditions/overactive-bladder-(oab)/treatment/lifestyle-changes. Accessed July 3, 2017.
  11. Werner K. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. April 7, 2017.
  12. Hooper DC. Fluoroquinolones. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed Aug. 7, 2017.
  13. FDA drug safety communication: FDA updates warnings for oral and injectable fluoroquinolone antibiotics due to disabling side effects. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. https://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/ucm511530.htm. Accessed Aug. 7, 2017.