In-depth

Symptoms

Fatigue

Unexplained weight loss

Tests and diagnosis

A1C test

Treatments and drugs

Pancreas transplant

March 15, 2017
References
  1. Levitsky LL, et al. Epidemiology, presentation and diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 4, 2016.
  2. Kliegman RM, et al. Diabetes mellitus in children. In: Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 20th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Nov. 5, 2016.
  3. AskMayoExpert. Type 1 diabetes mellitus. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2015.
  4. Levitsky LL, et al. Management of type 1 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 4, 2016.
  5. Goldman L, et al., eds. Diabetes mellitus. In: Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Nov. 5, 2016.
  6. Cameron FJ, et al. Care of diabetes in children and adolescents: Controversies, changes, and consensus. The Lancet. 2015;385:2096.
  7. Jameson L, et al., eds. Management of diabetes in children. In: Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Nov.5, 2016.
  8. Rewers M, et al. Environmental risk factors for type 1 diabetes. The Lancet. 2016;387:2340.
  9. Levitsky LL, et al. Complications and screening in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 4, 2016.
  10. Chiang JL, et al. Type 1 diabetes through the life span: A position statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care. 2014;37:2034.
  11. Levitsky LL, et al. Special situations in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 4, 2016.
  12. Tools for effective diabetes management. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-communication-programs/ndep/health-care-professionals/school-guide/Pages/publicationdetail.aspx. Accessed Nov. 5, 2016.
  13. Hyperglycemia (high blood glucose). American Diabetes Association. http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/blood-glucose-control/hyperglycemia.html. Accessed Nov. 5, 2016.
  14. DKA (ketoacidosis) & ketones. American Diabetes Association. http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/complications/ketoacidosis-dka.html. Accessed Nov. 5, 2016.
  15. School responsibilities under federal laws. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-communication-programs/ndep/health-care-professionals/school-guide/section4/Pages/default.aspx. Accessed Nov. 5, 2016.
  16. Buchberger B, et al. Symptoms of depression and anxiety in youth with type 1 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2016;70:70.