There's nothing you or your child could have done to prevent type 1 diabetes; there is currently no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes.

Tests can be done in children who have a high risk of developing type 1 diabetes to see if they have any of the antibodies associated with this disorder. However, the presence of these antibodies doesn't mean that diabetes is a certainty, and there's currently no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes if the antibodies are found.

Researchers are working on preventing type 1 diabetes in people who have a high risk of developing the disease, such as those who have the type 1 antibodies, and others are working on preventing further destruction of the islet cells in people who are newly diagnosed.

Some children with type 1 diabetes may be eligible for clinical trials, but you need to carefully weigh the risks and benefits of any treatment available in a clinical trial with your doctor.

While there's nothing you could have done to prevent your child's diabetes, you can help your child prevent complications due to type 1 diabetes by helping him or her maintain good blood sugar control as much as possible.

In addition, be sure to schedule regular visits with your child's diabetes doctor and a yearly eye exam beginning no more than five years after the initial diabetes diagnosis.

And, like everyone else, people with type 1 diabetes should eat a healthy diet full of fruits, vegetables and whole grains and participate in regular physical activity to help keep their hearts healthy.

April 01, 2014