There's currently no publicly available vaccine for tularemia. If you work in a high-risk occupation or live in an area where tularemia is present, these measures may help reduce your chance of infection:
July 08, 2015
Protect yourself from insects. Most people in the United States get tularemia through tick bites. If you spend time in tick-infested areas, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants, tuck your pants into your socks, and use a broad-brimmed hat to help protect your face and neck. Even bundled up, you'll need to check your skin and clothing often for ticks.
Use an insect repellent with 20 to 30 percent DEET, picaridin or IR3535, but follow the manufacturer's directions carefully. Apply insect repellant in moderation, and wash it off at the end of the day. Check yourself for ticks often and remove them immediately if you find any.
- Take care when gardening. Home gardeners and professional landscapers should consider wearing a face mask when excavating the soil, clearing weeds or brush, or mowing lawns.
- Handle animals carefully. If you hunt or handle wild rabbits or hares, wear gloves and protective goggles, and wash your hands thoroughly with soap and hot water after touching the animal. Cook all wild meat thoroughly, and avoid skinning or dressing any animal that appeared ill.
- Protect your pets. Livestock and pets can contract tularemia if they eat part of a diseased rabbit or are bitten by an infected tick. To help keep your pets safe, avoid letting them outside unsupervised, provide them with flea and tick protection, and don't let them come in close contact with wild or dead animals.
- Tularemia. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/tularemia/. Accessed June 21, 2015.
- Penn RL. Epidemiology, microbiology, and pathogenesis of tularemia. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed June 21, 2015.
- Longo DL, et al, eds. Tularemia. In: Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 19th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2015. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Accessed June 21, 2015.
- Penn RL. Clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment of tularemia. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed June 21, 2015.
- Tickborne diseases of the United States — A reference manual for health care providers. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/lyme/healthcare/clinicians.html. Accessed June 21, 2015.
- Game from farm to table. USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service. http://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/portal/fsis/topics/food-safety-education/get-answers/food-safety-fact-sheets/meat-preparation/game-from-farm-to-table/. Accessed June 21, 2015.