Left untreated, tularemia can be fatal. Other possible complications include:
July 08, 2015
- Inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia). Pneumonia can lead to respiratory failure — a condition in which the lungs don't take in enough oxygen, don't release enough carbon dioxide or both.
- Infection around the brain and spinal cord (meningitis). Meningitis is a serious and sometimes life-threatening infection of the fluid and membranes (meninges) surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
- Irritation around the heart (pericarditis). This is swelling and irritation of the pericardium, the thin membrane that surrounds the heart. Mild pericarditis may improve without treatment, but more-serious cases may require antibiotic therapy.
- Bone infection (osteomyelitis). Tularemia bacteria sometimes spread to the bones.
- Tularemia. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/tularemia/. Accessed June 21, 2015.
- Penn RL. Epidemiology, microbiology, and pathogenesis of tularemia. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed June 21, 2015.
- Longo DL, et al, eds. Tularemia. In: Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 19th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2015. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Accessed June 21, 2015.
- Penn RL. Clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment of tularemia. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed June 21, 2015.
- Tickborne diseases of the United States — A reference manual for health care providers. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/lyme/healthcare/clinicians.html. Accessed June 21, 2015.
- Game from farm to table. USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service. http://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/portal/fsis/topics/food-safety-education/get-answers/food-safety-fact-sheets/meat-preparation/game-from-farm-to-table/. Accessed June 21, 2015.