One episode of trachoma caused by Chlamydia trachomatis is easily treated with early detection and use of antibiotics. Repeated or secondary infections can lead to complications, including:
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- Scarring of the inner eyelid
- Eyelid deformities, such as an inward folding eyelid (entropion) or ingrown eyelashes (trichiasis)
- Corneal scarring or cloudiness
- Partial or complete vision loss
- Yanoff M, et al., eds. Conjunctivitis. In: Ophthalmology. 4th ed. Edinburgh, U.K.: Mosby Elsevier; 2014. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 10, 2015.
- Wright HR, et al. Overview of trachoma. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 10, 2015.
- Water-related diseases: Trachoma. World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/diseases/trachoma/en/#. Accessed July 10, 2015.
- Trachoma. Merck Manual Professional Version. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/eye-disorders/conjunctival-and-scleral-disorders/trachoma. Accessed July 20, 2015.
- Guerrant RL, et al., eds. Trachoma. In: Tropical Infectious Diseases: Principles, Pathogens and Practice. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 10, 2015.
- World Health Organization. WHO alliance for the global elimination of blinding trachoma by the year 2020. WER. 2014;39:421. http://www.who.int/wer. Accessed July 10, 2015.
- Preventing the spread of conjunctivitis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/conjunctivitis/about/prevention.html. Accessed July 20, 2015.
- Hod E, et al. Face washing promotion for preventing active trachoma. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD003659.pub4/abstract. Accessed July 20, 2015.
- Taylor HR, et al. Trachoma. The Lancet. 2014;384:2142.