Multimedia

Aug. 01, 2017
References
  1. Stuttering. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/stuttering.htm. Accessed July 3, 2017.
  2. Childhood-onset fluency disorder (stuttering). In: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-5. 5th ed. Arlington, Va.: American Psychiatric Association; 2013. http://dsm.psychiatryonline.org. Accessed July 3, 2017.
  3. Stuttering. National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders. https://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/stuttering. Accessed July 3. 2017.
  4. FAQ: Stuttering facts and information. Stuttering Foundation of America. http://www.stutteringhelp.org/faq. Accessed July 3, 2017.
  5. 7 tips for talking with your child. Stuttering Foundation of America. http://www.stutteringhelp.org/7-tips-talking-your-child-0. Accessed July 3, 2017.
  6. Carter J, et al. Etiology of speech and language disorders in children. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed July 3, 2017.
  7. Carter J, et al. Evaluation and treatment of speech and language disorders in children. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed July 3, 2017.
  8. Perez H, et al. Stuttering: Clinical and research update. Canadian Family Physician. 2016;62:479.
  9. Gabbard GO, ed. Communication disorders. In: Gabbard's Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders. 5th ed. Arlington, Va.: American Psychiatric Association; 2014. http://psychiatryonline.org/doi/book/10.1176/appi.books.9781585625048. Accessed July 3, 2017.
  10. Minimizing bullying for children who stutter. National Stuttering Association. http://www.westutter.org/who-we-help/minimizing-bullying-children-stutter/. Accessed July 5, 2017.
  11. Clark HM (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 17, 2017.