In-depth

Complications

Osteoarthritis

Retinal detachment

Tests and diagnosis

Genetic testing

Genetic testing is used to detect altered genes that may cause illness or disease. Although genetic testing can offer important health information, it has limitations.

X-ray

Treatments and drugs

Cataract surgery

Ear tubes

Hip replacement

Knee replacement

Tracheostomy

Oct. 29, 2016
References
  1. Kliegman RM, et al. Disorders involving cartilage matrix problems. In: Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 20th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed June 22, 2016.
  2. Petty RE, et al. Primary disorders of connective tissue. In: Textbook of Pediatric Rheumatology. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed June 22, 2016.
  3. Herring JA. Orthopaedic-related syndromes. In: Tachdjian's Pediatric Orthopaedics. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed June 22, 2016.
  4. Buchanan EP, et al. Syndromes with craniofacial abnormalities. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed June 22, 2016.
  5. Pagon RA, et al., eds. Stickler syndrome. In: GeneReviews. Seattle, Wash.: University of Seattle, Washington; 1993-2016. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1116. Accessed June 22, 2016.
  6. Yanoff M, et al. Hereditary vitreoretinopathies. In: Ophthalmology. 4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed June 22, 2016.
  7. Couchouron T, et al. Early-onset progressive osteoarthritis with hereditary progressive ophthalmopathy or Stickler syndrome. Joint Bone Spine. 2011;78:45.
  8. Antunes RB, et al. Importance of early diagnosis of Stickler syndrome in newborns. Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery. 2012;65:1029.
  9. Flint PW, et al. Genetic sensorineural hearing loss. In: Cummings Otolaryngology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2015. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed June 27, 2016.
  10. Daroff RB, et al. Disorders of bones, joints, ligaments and meninges. In: Bradley's Neurology in Clinical Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed June 27, 2016.
  11. Scholes MA, et al. Pediatric hearing loss. In: ENT Secrets. 4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed June 27, 2016.