Untreated, spinal arteriovenous malformations can lead to progressive disability. Specific complications may include:

  • Problems with moving (motor deficits)
  • Pain, tingling and numbness (sensory deficits)
  • Spinal column deformity
  • Bulging blood vessel (aneurysm)
  • High blood pressure in the veins (venous hypertension), which can cause fluid accumulation (edema) and tissue death due to lack of oxygen (spinal cord infarction)
  • Hemorrhage, which can accelerate spinal cord damage
April 25, 2014