In most cases of cervical dystonia, doctors don't know why some people develop the disorder and others don't. Some cases, however, appear to be linked to head, neck or shoulder injuries. Certain drugs, notably specific antipsychotic or anti-nausea agents, trigger cervical dystonia in some people.
Jan. 28, 2014
- Dystonias fact sheet. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/dystonias/detail_dystonias.htm. Accessed Aug. 9, 2013.
- Frontera WR, et al. Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation: Musculoskeletal Disorders, Pain, and Rehabilitation. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2008. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Aug. 9, 2013.
- Comella C. Classification and evaluation of dystonia. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Aug. 9, 2013.
- Ferri FF. Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2013: 5 Books in 1. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2013. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Aug. 9, 2013.
- Comella C. Treatment of dystonia. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Aug. 9, 2013.
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