Experts at Mayo Clinic are equipped with the knowledge and resources to provide you with exactly the care you need.
Your Mayo Clinic care team
At Mayo Clinic, experts from different fields work together as a team to care for people with solitary fibrous tumors. Your multidisciplinary team of experts may include radiologists, pathologists specializing in soft tissue tumors, surgeons, medical and radiation oncologists, and, depending on the location of the tumor, other specialists.
Advanced diagnosis and treatment
To help determine the best treatment options, doctors at Mayo Clinic combine the latest diagnostic techniques with experience in diagnosing solitary fibrous tumors. Tests and procedures may include:
- Imaging tests. Your doctor may order X-rays and other imaging techniques such as an ultrasound, computerized tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or positron emission tomography (PET).
- Biopsy. To confirm a suspected solitary fibrous tumor, a doctor may remove a small piece of tissue for examination under a microscope (biopsy). An experienced pathologist can confirm the diagnosis and determine whether the tumor is cancerous.
Mayo Clinic doctors will work with you to review all of your treatment options and choose the treatment that best suits your needs and goals. Treatment for solitary fibrous tumors may include:
- Surgery. Surgeons work to remove the tumor and a small margin of healthy tissue that surrounds it. In most cases, surgery is the only treatment necessary. The type of operation used to remove a solitary fibrous tumor depends on where the tumor occurs.
Radiation therapy. Radiation therapy can be used to treat a solitary fibrous tumor that can't be removed with surgery. Sometimes radiation therapy is used to shrink a tumor so that it's more likely to be removed completely during surgery.
Radiation therapy can also be used during surgery. Once a tumor is removed with surgery, intraoperative radiation therapy is directed to the area around the tumor. This may reduce the risk that the tumor will recur.
- Chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is sometimes used to treat a solitary fibrous tumor that has spread to other areas of the body. It may also be used if the tumor can't be completely removed with surgery.
- Targeted medications. Certain drugs target the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and other tyrosine kinase signaling pathways. These pathways disrupt the blood supply to the tumor, and have recently begun to be used to treat advanced solitary fibrous tumors to slow their progression. Examples of these drugs include: bevacizumab (Avastin), sunitinib (Sutent), pazopanib (Votrient) and sorafenib (Nexavar).
Mayo Clinic also offers comprehensive treatment programs that include related services, such as palliative care. Palliative care is specialized medical care that focuses on providing relief from pain and other symptoms of a serious illness. At Mayo Clinic, palliative care specialists work with you, your family and your other doctors to provide an extra layer of support that complements your ongoing care.
Palliative care is provided by a team of doctors, nurses and other specially trained professionals. Palliative care teams aim to improve the quality of life for people with cancer and their families. This form of care is offered alongside curative or other treatments you may be receiving.
Nationally recognized expertise
Mayo Clinic doctors have extensive experience diagnosing and treating solitary fibrous tumors. Because solitary fibrous tumors are rare, not all doctors are experienced in treating them.
Mayo Clinic Cancer Center meets strict standards for a National Cancer Institute comprehensive cancer center, which recognizes scientific excellence and a multidisciplinary approach to cancer prevention, diagnosis and treatment.