Many factors can contribute to sleepwalking, including:
- Sleep deprivation
- Sleeping in unfamiliar surroundings
- Some medications, such as zolpidem (Ambien, Edluar)
Sleepwalking is sometimes associated with underlying conditions that affect sleep, such as:
- Sleep-disordered breathing — a group of disorders characterized by abnormal breathing patterns during sleep, the most common of which is obstructive sleep apnea
- Restless legs syndrome (RLS)
- Head injuries
In other cases, use of alcohol, illegal drugs or certain medications — including some, antihistamines, sedatives and sleeping pills — can trigger sleepwalking episodes.
Aug. 12, 2011
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- National sleep disorders research plan. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. National Institutes of Health. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/prof/sleep/res_plan/section5/section5a.html. Accessed June 7, 2011.
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