Prompt treatment can help prevent the complications of some STIs. Since many people in the early stages of an STI experience no symptoms, screening for STIs is especially important in preventing complications.

Possible complications include:

  • Sores or bumps anywhere on the body
  • Recurrent genital sores
  • Generalized skin rash
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Scrotal pain, redness and swelling
  • Pelvic pain
  • Groin abscess
  • Eye inflammation
  • Arthritis
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Infertility
  • Cervical cancer
  • Other cancers, including HIV-associated lymphoma and HPV-associated rectal and anal cancers
  • Opportunistic infections occurring in advanced HIV
  • Maternal-fetal transmission, which causes severe birth defects
Feb. 23, 2013