A separated shoulder can usually be identified during a physical exam. X-rays can sometimes confirm the diagnosis and determine the severity of the injury. But in many people who have a separated shoulder, early X-rays are often normal.
Jan. 23, 2014
- Knoop KJ, et al. The Atlas of Emergency Medicine. 3rd ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2010. http://www.accessmedicine.com/content.aspx?aID=6002780. Accessed June 14, 2013.
- Shoulder separation. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00033. Accessed June 14, 2013.
- Kliegman RM, et al. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. http://www.mdconsult.com/das/book/body/208746819-6/0/1608/0.html. Accessed June 14, 2013.
- Koehler SM. Acromioclavicular joint injuries. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed June 17, 2013.
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