Overview

Ringworm of the scalp (tinea capitis) is a fungal infection of the scalp and hair shafts. The signs and symptoms of ringworm of the scalp may vary, but it usually appears as itchy, scaly, bald patches on the head.

Ringworm of the scalp, a highly contagious infection, is most common in toddlers and school-age children.

Treatment for ringworm of the scalp includes medications taken by mouth to kill the fungi, as well as medicated shampoos that may lessen the spread of infection.

Some cases of ringworm of the scalp result in severe inflammation at the site of infection that may cause scarring or permanent hair loss.

Nov. 05, 2016
References
  1. Allmon A, et al. Common skin rashes in children. American Family Physician. 2015;92:211.
  2. Bennett JE, et al. Dermatophytosis (ringworm) and other superficial mycoses. In: Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2015. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed June 29, 2016.
  3. Kliegman RM, et al. Cutaneous fungal infections. In: Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 20th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed June 29, 2016.
  4. Treat JR. Tinea capitis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed June 29, 2016.
  5. Kaushik N, et al. Superficial fungal infections. Primary Care Clinics in Office Practice. 2015;42:501.
  6. Ringworm risk and prevention. Centers for Disease Control. http://www.cdc.gov/fungal/diseases/ringworm/risk-prevention.html. Accessed July 1, 2016.