Risk factors of ringworm of the scalp include:
Feb. 21, 2014
- Age. Ringworm of the scalp is most common in toddlers and school-age children.
- Exposure to other children. Outbreaks of ringworm are common in schools and child care centers where the infection easily spreads through close physical contact.
- Exposure to pets. A pet, such as a cat or dog, can have the infection without showing any signs. Children can get the infection by touching or petting the animal.
- Dermatophytes. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/fungal/dermatophytes. Accessed Sept. 13, 2013.
- Wolff K, et al. Fitzpatrick's Color Atlas and Synopsis of Clinical Dermatology. 6th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2009. http://www.accessmedicine.com/resourceTOC.aspx?resourceID=45. Accessed Sept. 13, 2013.
- Goldstein AO, et al. Dermatophyte (tinea) infections. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 13, 2013.
- Tintinalli JE, et al. Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide. 7th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw Hill Companies; 2011. http://www.accessmedicine.com/resourceTOC.aspx?resourceID=40. Accessed Sept. 13, 2013.
- Gibson LE (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Sept. 17, 2013.
- Longo DL, et al. Harrison's Online. 18th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://www.accessmedicine.com/resourceTOC.aspx?resourceID=4. Accessed Sept. 13, 2013.
- Ferri FF. Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2013: 5 Books in 1. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2013. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Sept. 13, 2013.
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