Which types of exercises are best for people who have rheumatoid arthritis? Which should be avoided?By Mayo Clinic Staff
Many people with rheumatoid arthritis tend to avoid exercise because they're afraid that the activity might worsen their joint pain. But exercise is one of the key treatments to reducing the disability often associated with rheumatoid arthritis.
Regular exercise can boost strength and flexibility in people who have rheumatoid arthritis. Stronger muscles can better support your joints, while improved flexibility can aid joint function.
Exercise can reduce fatigue and ease depression. And better overall fitness helps prevent heart disease and diabetes, two life-shortening ailments that often accompany rheumatoid arthritis.
Rheumatoid arthritis also accelerates the loss of muscle mass that typically occurs as people get older. That's why it's important to do exercises that will build muscle, in addition to aerobic exercises, which strengthen your heart and lungs.
Studies indicate that exercise will not worsen rheumatoid arthritis symptoms. But if rheumatoid arthritis has severely damaged your hips or knees, you may want to choose low-impact exercises, such as swimming, water aerobics, walking or bicycling.
July 04, 2014
- Exercising with rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Foundation. http://www.arthritistoday.org/about-arthritis/types-of-arthritis/rheumatoid-arthritis/daily-life/staying-active/exercising-with-ra.php. Accessed June 23, 2014.
- Plasqui G. The role of physical activity in rheumatoid arthritis. Physiology & Behavior. 2008;94:270.
- Forestier R, et al. Non-drug treatment (excluding surgery) in rheumatoid arthritis: Clinical practice guidelines. Joint Bone Spine. 2009;76:691.
- Flachenecker P. Autoimmune disease and rehabilitation. Autoimmunity Reviews. 2012;11:219.
- Schur PH, et al. Nonpharmacologic and preventive therapies of rheumatoid arthritis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed June 23, 2014.
- Four big benefits from strength training. Arthritis Foundation. http://www.arthritistoday.org/about-arthritis/types-of-arthritis/rheumatoid-arthritis/daily-life/staying-active/strength-training-benefits.php. Accessed June 24, 2014.
- AskMayoExpert. What exercises are helpful or harmful for patients with inflammatory arthritis or connective tissue disease? Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2014.