Treatments and drugs

By Mayo Clinic Staff

Q fever is treated with the antibiotic doxycycline. How long you take the medicine depends on whether or not you have acute or chronic Q fever. For acute infections, antibiotic treatment lasts two to three weeks.

People who have chronic Q fever usually must take a combination of antibiotics for at least 18 months. Even after successful chronic Q fever treatment, you'll need to go back for follow-up tests for years in case the infection returns.

Mild or nonsymptomatic cases of acute Q fever often get better on their own with no treatment. However, if you have symptoms of Q fever, antibiotic treatment is recommended.

If you have Q fever endocarditis, you may need surgery to replace damaged heart valves.

July 24, 2014