Certain factors can increase your risk of being infected with Q fever bacteria, including:
- Occupation. Certain occupations place you at higher risk because you're exposed to animals and animal products as part of your job. At-risk occupations include veterinary medicine, meat processing, livestock farming and animal research.
- Location. Simply being near a farm or farming facility may put you at higher risk of Q fever, because the bacteria can travel long distances, accompanying dust particles in the air.
- Your sex. Men are more likely to develop symptomatic acute Q fever.
- Time of year. Q fever can occur at any time of the year, but the number of infections usually peaks in April and May in the U.S.
Risks for chronic Q fever
The risk of eventually developing the more deadly form of Q fever is increased in people who have:
July 24, 2014
- Heart valve disease
- Blood vessel abnormalities
- Weakened immune systems
- A type of kidney disease known as chronic renal insufficiency
- Longo DL, et al. Harrison's Online. 18th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://www.accessmedicine.com/resourceTOC.aspx?resourceID=4. Accessed May 12, 2014.
- Raoult D. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of Q fever. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 12, 2014.
- Raoult D. Treatment and prevention of Q fever. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 12, 2014.
- Q fever: Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/qfever/symptoms/index.html. Accessed May 15, 2014.
- Georgiev M, et al. Q fever in humans and farm animals in four European countries, 1982 to 2010. European Surveillance. 2013;8:1.
- Q fever: Statistics and epidemiology. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/qfever/stats/index.html. Accessed May 15, 2014.
- Papadakis MA, ed., et al. Current Medical Diagnosis & Treatment 2014. 53rd ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2014. http://www.accessmedicine.com/resourceTOC.aspx?resourceID=1. Accessed May 12, 2014.
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