Risk factorsBy Mayo Clinic Staff
Certain factors can increase your risk of being infected with Q fever bacteria, including:
- Occupation. Certain occupations place you at higher risk because you're exposed to animals and animal products as part of your job. At-risk occupations include veterinary medicine, meat processing, livestock farming and animal research.
- Location. Simply being near a farm or farming facility may put you at higher risk of Q fever, because the bacteria can travel long distances, accompanying dust particles in the air.
- Your sex. Men are more likely to develop symptomatic acute Q fever.
- Time of year. Q fever can occur at any time of the year, but the number of infections usually peaks in April and May in the U.S.
Risks for chronic Q fever
The risk of eventually developing the more deadly form of Q fever is increased in people who have:
July 24, 2014
- Heart valve disease
- Blood vessel abnormalities
- Weakened immune systems
- A type of kidney disease known as chronic renal insufficiency
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