In-depth

Symptoms

Fatigue

Shortness of breath

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Unexplained weight loss

Tests and diagnosis

Chest X-rays

CT scan

Echocardiogram

Spirometry

Stress test

Treatments and drugs

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy

Lung transplant

References
  1. What is idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis. Accessed June 22, 2016.
  2. Ferri FF. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2016. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2016. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed April 13, 2016.
  3. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Merck Manual Professional Version. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/pulmonary-disorders/interstitial-lung-diseases/idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis. Accessed May 3, 2016.
  4. King TE. Approach to the adult with interstitial lung disease: Clinical evaluation. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 13, 2016.
  5. King TE. Approach to the adult with interstitial lung disease: Diagnostic testing. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 13, 2016.
  6. What is pulmonary hypertension? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pah. Accessed June 9, 2016.
  7. Klings ES. Cor pulmonale. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed June 9, 2016.
  8. King TE. Role of lung biopsy in the diagnosis of interstitial lung disease. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed June 9, 2016.
  9. Islam S. Flexible bronchoscopy in adults: Preparation, procedural technique, and complications. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed June 9, 2016.
  10. King TE. Treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 13, 2016.
  11. Raghu G, et al. An Official ATS/ERS/JRS/ALAT clinical practice guideline: Treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. An Update of the 2011 clinical practice guideline. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 2015;192:e3.
  12. Ryu JH, et al. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: Evolving concepts. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 2014;89:1130.
  13. Barbara Woodward Lips Patient Education Center. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2005.
  14. Puglisi S, et al. New perspectives on management of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease. 2016;7:108.
  15. Lake FR. Interstitial lung disease in rheumatoid arthritis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed June 15, 2016.
  16. Riggin EA. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. April 11, 2016.
  17. Meining A. Confocal laser endomicroscopy and endocytoscopy. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed June 14, 2016.
  18. Wellikoff A, et al. Probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy imaging of interstitial lung disease. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 2013;187:A5796.
  19. Yserbyt J, et al. Perspectives using probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy of the respiratory tract. Swiss Medical Weekly. 2013;143:w13764.
  20. Scott JP (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 21, 2016.
  21. Walsh SL, et al. Interobserver agreement for the ATS/ERS/JRS/ALAT criteria for a UIP pattern on CT. Thorax. 2016;71:45.
  22. Sista RR (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Arizona. July 22, 2016.

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