Overview

Progeria (pro-JEER-e-uh), also known as Hutchinson-Gilford syndrome, is an extremely rare, progressive genetic disorder that causes children to age rapidly, starting in their first two years of life.

Children with progeria generally appear normal at birth. During the first year, signs and symptoms, such as slow growth and hair loss, begin to appear.

Heart problems or strokes are the eventual cause of death in most children with progeria. The average life expectancy for a child with progeria is about 13 years. Some with the disease may die younger and others may live longer, even up to 20 years.

There's no cure for progeria, but ongoing research shows some promise for treatment.

April 27, 2017
References
  1. National Library of Medicine. Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome. Genetics Home Reference. https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/hutchinson-gilford-progeria-syndrome. Accessed Feb. 1, 2017.
  2. Learning about progeria. National Human Genome Research Institute. https://www.genome.gov/11007255/learning-about-progeria/. Accessed Feb. 1, 2017.
  3. Hutchinson-Gilford progeria. National Organization for Rare Disorders. https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/hutchinson-gilford-progeria/. Accessed Feb. 1, 2017.
  4. Progeria (Hutchinson-Gilford syndrome). Merck Manual Professional Version. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/pediatrics/miscellaneous-disorders-in-infants-and-children/progeria. Accessed Feb. 1, 2017.
  5. Progeria. National Institutes of Health. https://report.nih.gov/nihfactsheets/viewfactsheet.aspx?csid=59. Accessed Feb. 1, 2017.
  6. Chronic illness and children. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. https://www.aacap.org/AACAP/Families_and_Youth/Facts_for_Families/FFF-Guide/The-Child-With-A-Long-Term-Illness-019.aspx. Accessed Feb. 1, 2017.
  7. Swahari V, et al. Speeding up the clock: The past, present and future of progeria. Development, Growth and Differentiation. 2016;58:116.
  8. The progeria handbook: A guide for families and health care providers of children with progeria. Progeria Research Foundation. http://www.progeriaresearch.org/patient_care.html. Accessed Feb. 1, 2017.
  9. Johnson JN (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. March 6, 2017.