Children with progeria usually develop severe hardening of the arteries. This is a condition in which the walls of their arteries — blood vessels that carry nutrients and oxygen from the heart to the rest of the body — stiffen and thicken, often restricting blood flow.
Most children with progeria die of complications related to atherosclerosis, including:
- Problems with blood vessels that supply the heart (cardiovascular problems), resulting in heart attack and congestive heart failure
- Problems with blood vessels that supply the brain (cerebrovascular problems), resulting in stroke
Other health problems frequently associated with aging — such as arthritis, nearsightedness and increased cancer risk — do not develop as part of the course of progeria.
May 03, 2014
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- Disorders of accelerated aging. The Merck Manuals: The Merck Manual for Patients and Caregivers. http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/older_peoples_health_issues/the_aging_body/disorders_of_accelerated_aging.html. Accessed Jan. 29, 2014.
- When your child is diagnosed with chronic illness: How to cope. American Psychological Association. https://www.apa.org/helpcenter/chronic-illness-child.aspx. Accessed Jan. 29, 2014.
- Coping with chronic illness. American Academy of Pediatrics. http://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/chronic/pages/Coping-With-Chronic-Illness.aspx. Accessed Jan. 29, 2014.
- Progeria. National Institutes of Health. http://report.nih.gov/NIHfactsheets/ViewFactSheet.aspx?csid=59&key=P#P. Accessed Jan. 29, 2014.
- Gordon LB, et al. Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome. GeneReviews (Internet). http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1121/. Accessed Jan. 29, 2014.
- Coppede F. Premature aging syndrome. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. 2012;724:317.
- Kirmani S (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Feb. 19, 2014.
- Johnson JN (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Feb. 23, 2014.
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